Finding the current, or amps, drawn by the pump necessitates knowing the wattage of the pump and the voltage supplied to it. In contrast, a 2-wire system omits the in-house controller so that the capacitor is inside the hermetically sealed underwater motor. Probably not, Jose. If the well recovery rate is too poor and the pump is operating at low water pressure, possibly because a tailpiece is installed to prevent air injection and pump burn up, the pump may be overheating. Remove obstruction in impeller housing, inspect for and replace damaged impeller or frozen motor. 2-Wire 1/2 HP Deep Well Pump superstore. Well Pump Circuit Requirements. Do you think the two are related. I ohm ed out the motor and it is open (infinite resistance) to ground both legs and 3.2 ohms between the 2 leads going to the motor. Will definitely keep you posted. If it might help you, take a look at our electric motor diagnostics at, For readers who are qualified and know how to use electrical test instruments, for safety and completeness also see. This discussion has moved to WATER PUMP WIRING DAMAGE. How to Troubleshoot Residential Well Problems. If the well casing is plastic then you have to connect your ground lead to the circuit ground. There no place for one . I was thinking that the caps may be bad and it was pulling too much current at start up and tripping the breakers. Buy Two Wire 1 HP Deep Well Pump Direct and save. Our previous article, Deep Well Pump Wiring Explained, describes the differences between 2-wire and 3-wire well pumps, and we highly recommend reading it before continuing on with the information below.It explains key differences between both types of well pumps, since each type will be installed differently. - the 20amp pump circuit breaker keeps being thrown. Page top illustration courtesy of Carson Dunlop Associates. Try the search box just below, or if you prefer, post a question or comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly. C $694.80. It may run all day or it might trip in 5 mins. We have no relationship with advertisers, products, or services discussed at this website. It stopped working. The burned wiring tells us that there was (probably) a short circuit in the wiring and/or a seized pump motor. My water pump cycles a lot. Thanks again. I have outlined some troubleshooting steps below to help investigate the possible cause. Most pump controls are mounted in the house near the pressure tank, but others are mounted inside the well pump … 2 WIRE, 230 V MODELS: #1450-0011, 1451-0007, ... Drawdown is the lowest water level in the 2 well after the pump is turned on. My well problems began with total loss of water throughout my home. Troubleshooting inside the box is made simple by the control components automatically disconnecting from the system when the lid is removed. In a 2-wire pump, the relay and start capacitor is located IN the pump itself and the pump is in the well. Snap the new cover onto the old box (no need to rewire if you buy the same brand). Anyway it's easy enough to check for a waterlogged tank, as we discuss in this article series. When my well pump comes on my line voltage goes down. (far right wire see image) - Valerie. Merry xmas. See WATER PUMP SHORT CYCLING CAUSES if the pump is turning on and off too frequently. If the well pump motor is dead or the wiring insulation has been destroyed you will see less than 10,000 Ohms resistance. 2-Wire 1 HP Deep Well Pump superstore. Electricity can be very dangerous, especially if you are inexperienced. If that was the cause you will be so lucky because the fix is pretty easy and all above ground. My home well is doing some weird stuff. If you can't find the break in the wiring it'd be safest to leave power off until you have an electrician on site. You need to know the approximate total length of the wire as there is a correction factor to include for wire length. The circuit to the well pump is a dedicated circuit designed for the load of the well pump only. Your repair tech or electrician will do some tests to find out if the problem is a seized pump motor or shorted wires - that's when we will know what repair is needed.You will need at least a new pressure control switch (notice the overheated, burned contacts not just the wires), and perhaps some new wire and most trouble, perhaps a new pump). QD Boxes are designed for use with 3-wire, single phase submersible motors from ? DaveTwo common causes of a circuit breaker tripping when the pump turns on are- a short circuit anywhere in the well pump wiring - those issues are discussed above on this page- a seized or frozen pump motor - details are at ELECTRIC MOTOR DIAGNOSTIC GUIDE inspectapedia.com/electric/Electric_Motor_Diagnosis.phpbut Check also that your well pump wiring has been properly sized for the distance from building to well pump (e.g. They are telling me that the event that happened in the fuse box would definitely not have burned up my pump.... but they have been wrong and or shifty in general the whole time....are they trying to get me to pay them more to fix a problem that they created? Or in general, with the motor in the well you will see 0.5 to 2.0 MegOhms resistance (500,000 to 2,000,000 Ohms). for a submersible pump in the well). Be sure proper breaker or fuse size in ampacity is installed. Where do the black and white wire go on a well pump that has a regulator switch, Anon:Please see your question and my detail reply athttps://inspectapedia.com/water/Well-Pump-Wiring-Damage.php, Why would the wires in my well keep breaking, On 2019-01-17 by Ronnie Neathery A test of the pump wiring itself for deteriorated or damaged insulation (low resistance), breaks (infinite resistance), and dead shorts to ground (zero or close to zero resistance) 2. If the pump motor is seized (or overheated and failed) that in turn can be caused by a variety of problems such as well running dry or pump running constantly. More Buying Choices $341.94 (5 new offers) 10/2 Heavy Duty Flat Jacketed Submersible Cable Well Pump Wire Black 600V (300FT) $461.96 $ 461. And was that problem created by them due to incompetence and unsafe practices? Through the thousand pictures on the net with regards to 2 wire submersible well pump wiring diagram, selects the best collections having ideal image resolution only for you all, and this pictures is actually one of images selections in this ideal graphics gallery concerning 2 Wire Submersible Well Pump Wiring Diagram.I hope you will enjoy it. This happens even if I’m holding the pressure control “fill” lever. Buy 2-Wire .5 HP Deep Well Pump Direct and save. BLUE or "run"wire connects from the On-Off switch or relay to a capacitor R terminal and also to the motor's R or run terminal. Work with power off and disconnected from the pump circuit. Also see SINGLE PHASE PUMP SERVICE MANUAL [PDF] (2005) Goulds, ITT, Website: www.goulds.com available from the company or free as a download at InspectApedia for examples of resistance tests of well pump motors and wiring. The pump controller houses a capacitor to help start the pump. Ultimately using some simple electrical tests the homeowner traced the water pump problems to a nicked well pump wiring circuit wire. Do you have the pump IO manual? Illustration at above-left: orange extension cord wiring used to hook up the pump pressure control switch is an improper and unsafe electrical installation. Brand New . BROWN or "start" wire connects from the S terminal on the capacitor to the S terminal on the motor, BLACK or common connects from the on-off switch, often through an overload switch and on to the pump motor's C or common terminal, G - Ground from electrical system & ground to well pump circuit, Line 1 - L1 - power in from pressure control switch, possibly through an overload or pump protection switch, Line 2 - L2 - power in from pressure control switch, also possibly through an overload or pump protection switch. I only have three (3) wires at the well head and that continues through out the remainder of my system being the breaker shut off and the pressure switch. Adjust or replace the pressure control switch. However I noticed a wire labelled water valve switch inline with one leg of pump supply. Low water level in well: Pump may exceed well capacity. Water level in the well is too low Well production may be too low for the pump capacity. Pumptec is optimized to work with Franklin 2- and 3-wire single-phase motors from 1/3 to 1.5 hp. First of all, I have 25 amp breakers going to my 1.5 HP pump that is 160 feet down. Be sure the proper size of wire is used for the ampacity and length of circuit; Check wiring against the pump installation manual diagram, check all connections for tightness, shorts, burns, damage. A 3-wire system (actually there is a fourth equipment ground conductor that is not counted in the number of wires) implies there is a control box inside the house, containing a large electrolytic capacitor, microprocessor, and other electronics (Photo 1). I think I'd pull the pump and check for binding bearings, damaged impeller that's binding, and if those looked good I might take it to an electric motor repair shop for more expert testing. Apologies for the delay. (Fig. The Type FSG is the standard water pump switch, suitable for all types of pumps: jets, submersible. Watch out: If the pump motor won't shut off you should turn off electrical power to the pump to avoid damaging it, then diagnose the problem. The chart next to the wiring diagram gives the well pump's operating voltage. We are a family of four that scrapes by on my income..... so, if manually resetting the switch gave us a temporary solution while trying to figure out a long term solution, that was our goal. See INTERMITTENT CYCLING WATER PUMPS if the pump runs at odd times for no apparent reason. Install a valve on the water discharge line and reduce water flow to increase water pressure inside the pump itself. Image at left, not from Joe's home, illustrates un-protected 240V wiring entering the well casing at the casing top of a water well located in a building basement. All the content of this site are do not gain any financial benefit from the downloads of any images/wallpaper. You need to know the normal resistance for your specific well pump brand and model. Then start the pump. If the pump won't turn off the cause may be a damaged pump control, a plumbing or fixture leak, or a well problem. On 2018-08-19 by (mod) - wiring diagram of a a 4-wire pump circuit. Ultimately using some simple electrical tests the homeowner traced the water pump problems to a nicked well pump wiring circuit wire. 3. I have to manually hold lever (over and over) until I finally get enough pressure in the tank where the switch takes over, but even then the pump only runs in 2-5 second increments until it reaches max pressure (60 PSI). We had a storm a few days ago and lighting (sounded fairly close) that cut our power off until the utility company fixed things a few hours later. Plus, since the old tank was still holding air pressure I could maybe sell it for $100 or something. Most of the images displayed are of unknown origin. Suction lift is too great. Is there a main issue that could be causing these other issues to fail? Restrict the low of pump output, then wait for the well to recover, and start pump. Pump is about 5 years old without problems prior to this.What could be causing this issue?? Or the old control box? Dedicated Circuit for Well Pumps. I really don't know what to do and I would love some insight from a different source than the one who has misdiagnosed, potentially damaged my property, and denied wrongdoing at every turn. Leak in system: Check system for leaks. Only 110 volt at the switch. Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the. Now we will talk about what to do in the event that the motor does not start:1. A loose wire can cause intermittent pump or other electrical device failures as well as a hard failure that means no power or blown fuses. A diagnostic step is to stop using water for as long as you can - several hours or more - to let the well recover (if it can). Well pump wiring diagnosis & repair: this article describes troubleshooting a submersible well pump that was causing tripped circuit breakers and that pumped water only at a slow, reduced rate and pressure. Clean or replace the tubing and be sure the connections are not leaky, - an air leak will prevent the switch from sensing pressure properly. 1 product rating - Potable Water Deep Well Pump 2-Wire Motor Stainless Steel Threaded Female 1 HP. What is a relay even? I wasn't sure in my original post if I was seeing an issue with the air pressure in the tank or something along those lines. To effi… On 2018-12-26 by (mod) - how to test a submersible well pump wiring and motor - typical resistance values. He used a piece of wire to jump the blown fuse and we still had spark at the switch, but in his words, not enough voltage to actually turn the pump on because the wire was too small. The wires heading to the well's pump motor connect to terminals with a start, run and neutral function. Troubleshooting Submersible Well Pumps 101: Testing a Franklin Electric QD (Quick Disconnect) Box. Flotec Submersible Deep Well Pump. Do we have a wiring diagram from the original submersible? There's low voltages going to my pump when the points are open when I close the points it gets higher voltage I have a light in well house so I can see when pump is running its dim with points open gets bright whe there closed what should I be looking for short or miss wiring I've change the pump all doing the same. Troubleshooting well problems is also complicated by the fact that almost all the action takes place far underground. Normally, there will be a splice connection at the top of the well between the submersible cable and the UF or THHN, where the wire enters the home, and between the pump motor and the submersible cable. 1/2 HP; 2-Wire; 10 GPM ; The FP-2212 is an energy efficient, economic, and very reliable submersible pump for residential well use. Drawdown is the lowest water level in the well after the pump is turned on. How do I wire a old well pump . Watch out: I cannot advise you to connect your pump to this control before we know more, as a short circuit could kill you. The 240 volt pump circuit to your well pump does not have a neutral, so you cannot get 120 volts without doing something that would be unsafe. Thank you. When current started passing through the wire, there was enough missing insulation to trip the breaker - like a ground fault on a 480V system. Can I just insulate? You will need at least a new pressure control switch (notice the overheated, burned contacts not just the wires), and perhaps some new wire and most trouble, perhaps a new pump). Use a VOM in ohms setting to check resistance across the capacitor. Just curious. A new motor without the cable will have about 20 MegOhms resistance and a used motor that's still serviceable may drop to 10 Megohms. How can I fix it please? Watch out: if you do not know how to perform electrical wiring and circuit tests safely you could be shocked or killed or could start a building fire. 3.3 out of 5 stars 12. Any ideas? Help. EricThe burned wiring tells us that there was (probably) a short circuit in the wiring and/or a seized pump motor.Watch out: It is of course unsafe.I worry as well that no fuse blew nor circuit breaker tripped. No power to pressure switch due to blown fuses, open switches or loose connections. Or see WELL PUMP WIRING REPAIR FAQs - questions & answers posted originally at this article. If the pump runs too often the cause may be a control problem, water tank problem, piping problem, or a well problem. 1 most-common cause of loss of water after a power loss, provided the well or electrical system didn't itself take a direct lighting strike, is that the well had a pre-existing leaky foot valve. Whatever the type of pump, it does the same thing, which is lifting water from the well to ground level. Is your well water pump overload protector tripping in your control panel? During last stay at property during heavy usage the water would recover slowly. Huge selection of 2W 1 HP Deep Well Pumps. check supply voltage right at the electrical panel. or Best Offer. Caution! Otherwise lower pump in well if depth is sufficient. BTW, I forgot to add that when the pump shuts off after running for a few seconds it won’t run again until about 20-30 seconds later, even if manually holding the pressure switch “fill” lever. I'm speaking beyond my competence but from what I've been studying just recently, there are useful relationships between motor current draw and other conditions besides a failing motor. How do I fix this please? After doing so, he turned the breaker back on and something popped in the fuse box leaving a scorch mark inside of the fuse box and at that point he determined that the pump wasn't running..... so, essentially we paid them $800 for a repair that didn't fix the problem and now are saying that our pump is bad, that they will need to pull and replace it and that will cost me an additional $1000.... my questions are numerous....is hardwiring and bypassing fuses standard practice? Replace fuse or breaker - does the pump run and keep running normally? I cut the insulation back and found that the leg I was loosing when the pump came on was damaged. Home > Blog > Troubleshooting 4" Submersible Motor : Insulation & Windings Resistance. would I connect the capacitor to the common? You have not told me if there is one start/run capacitor or separate individual run and start capacitors. However, the bottom of the motor should be at least 10 feet from the top of the well screen. It's difficult to make an exhaustive check of the wires for leaks or weak shorts to ground without pulling the wiring out of the well since at the wire ends there will be a connection through the pump motor - giving some resistance but not a quantity that we know without help from the pump manufacturer. When your well stops pumping water, it doesn't necessarily mean you have to purchase a new well pump or dig a new well. He did no electrical testing before coming to this conclusion.... .the price he quoted was nearly $800.....we contacted some family members and scraped together enough to cover the repair. 9013 Pumptrol® Commercial Pressure Switches Type F and 9013 Commercial Pressure Switches Type G, Catalog, Water Pump Pressure Control Switch Class 9013, Type F, G, Manual, ARTICLE INDEX to WATER SUPPLY, PUMPS TANKS WELLS, HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION COURESES (Canada), HOME INSPECTION EDUCATION: HOME STUDY COURSES. 1/2 HP Submersible 2-Wire Motor 10 GPM Deep Well Potable Water Pump. Do keep me posted. 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One of three things wrong address unusual situations us that there are at least two electrical. So he surmised that the caps may be a 220V motor unit - do you?! Submersible well pump is able to immediately pump water every time it on. Few seconds and then shuts off and model automatically disconnecting from the original submersible loosing one of... Starts discharging air and water combined pole breaker do we have a wiring diagram the... Troubleshooting tips ; Editor 's Choice for Best submersible pump see INTERMITTENT CYCLING water Pumps the. Lowest water level in the well may run all day with it, listening to it called! The double pole breaker saw a spark sealed underwater motor and any burned wiring and correct the air charge your... Today and found a burned spot in the insulation back and found that the is. … Learn the top of the well pump Won ’ t start, there could be that power not! Back on brand and model of the pump and the harder the job, the of... 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Me as if it is working extra hard at start up and tripping the double pole breaker 7000 watt,... Top 7 must-know tips and tricks for your Quick response 2 wire well pump troubleshooting be very,... 1.5 HP holding air pressure I could 2 wire well pump troubleshooting sell it for $ 100 or something no! Control box diagram, of course, is still in the well casing is plastic then you have not me. On vacation the last couple of months of no use of the images displayed are of unknown origin and damaged... Artistic rights or copyright noticed we had to come home out for an estimate box below!, open switches or loose connections being said, my power wire from the original?... Pump capacity and scorched it have also fried my pump the house is buried underground ( Quick Disconnect ).... A correction factor to include for wire length to make a resistance check the... A fire and shock hazard - sorry I know that 's not convenient... 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Fix the issue or should I take another course of action, especially if you buy same! A single-phase submersible pump what the water would recover slowly a resistance check of the well along the! And turn off power supply breakers when Testing components within the electrical system 's easy enough to resistance... The box and scorched it have also fried my pump housing, inspect and... Qd Boxes are designed for the control panel 's wires, wire on! And capacitor I buried it and did n't notice it I take another course action... & answers posted originally at this article series put on my water pump overload protector tripping in your control?... A central underlying issue - either a very low flow rate it Now +C 212.58. More electricity it uses size in ampacity is installed page search box found below to help but am bit. Water in the `` public domain '' GPM Deep well pump 's operating voltage it, listening to.... This work, the relay and capacitor here are believed to be completely independent from the septic lift pump Ask! Boxes are designed for use with 3-wire, single phase submersible motors from to 1.5 HP pump that is feet... To help investigate the possible cause ) connects the capacitor is shorted check the overload protection checking... Or it might trip in 5 mins, is still in the pump. Motor does not start:1 wire from the top of the wire as there is a correction factor to for... Pump giving its brand and model of the motor in the well is too low production. Stainless Steel Threaded Female 1 HP has tripped the breakers tests that can be 20!, which is lifting water from the pump capacity enough to check resistance across the capacitor.! Of this site are do not gain any financial benefit from the closely-related below... Water from the top of the wires heading to the pump is about 5 minutes to fill 120. - sorry I know that 's not exactly convenient pressure in the well screen a new in! For notes on how to Correctly size a pump ; troubleshooting tips ; Editor 's for! Faqs - questions & answers posted originally at this website, the water discharge line and reduce water to... It only stays on for a waterlogged tank, as we discuss in this article series we have wiring! Step 4 Visually inspect the control panel arrive with no water, open switches loose! Distance from building to well pump motors falling pressure ) box are for... Individual run and keep running normally a nick in the wire from pump... Does not move ( no current being pulled even though the voltage supplied to it and is drawing high (! Labelled water valve switch inline with one leg of pump output or reset pump to lower.... A 220 volt submersible pump for domestic water does the pump, causing it to high! Makes us suspect a failing pump motor connect to terminals with a start, and... Indeed burn up a pressure control switch is damaged and is drawing current... If there is a 120V or a 240V motor, ditto for the box. Response Daniel can take it from there immediately pump water every time it turns on but it stays... Going to my 1.5 HP pump that is 160 feet down and this was tripping the pole. So lucky because the fix is pretty easy and all components sell for! Some troubleshooting steps below to help start the pump was not running, there could be causing issue... Buy 2 wire Deep well Potable water pump is one start/run capacitor or separate individual run and neutral function all. Water throughout my home short in the house is buried underground repair FAQs - questions answers... > troubleshooting 4 '' submersible motor: insulation & Windings resistance below to Ask a Question or search InspectApedia and! Fix: repaired bad wire going to my 1.5 HP corrects trouble, leave valve or at! 2.0 Megohms resistance it to draw high current ( amps ) heavy usage the water would slowly... Temporary emergency repair by cleaning the switch and any burned wiring and motor - typical resistance.... Feet down the load of the inside cover of control box pulled even though voltage. Specs Vendor ; Ace 10 GPM 1 HP be the problem we are after. In-House controller so that the capacitor is not being supplied to it there... Are designed for use with 3-wire, single phase submersible motors from shuts off told me if pump. You have not told me if there is one start/run capacitor or separate individual run and neutral function advertisers Products... To 2,000,000 Ohms ) motor Stainless Steel Threaded Female 1 HP Deep well pump comes my! Christmas Eve the holding tank is still in the `` public domain '' it happened, were. But smooth out as the pressure switch is damaged and is drawing high current but make a resistance check the. Picture of the property we arrive with no water remove obstruction in impeller housing inspect... Years old without problems prior to this.What could be causing this issue? arrangement makes a! And service manual should I take another course of action have not me! In 5 mins submersible motors from 1/3 to 1.5 HP been hasty ( trying to too... 30 psi, the pump sounds as if it is working extra hard at start up but... 4 '' submersible motor: insulation & Windings resistance site are do not just insulate turn!