In particular, for doing detailed work with small end mills (I've used 1/8" down to 1/64") the lower RPM is very helpful to dial in correct feed rates without breaking mills. Carbide3D Compact Router for Shapeoko Features a trim router for use with CNC machines Includes a 12 ft power cord Offers 12,000 - 30,000 RPM Comes with 2 sets of replacement brushes NOT compatible with the Shapeoko Z-plus 69mm (RB-Crb-92/93/97) See adaptive clearing and pocketing in the. In climb milling, the chips tend to be pushed to the back of the endmill / behind the cut, so they are much less prone to recutting. A typical setting would be: Depth per pass in the 0.01–0.05'' range. If the toolpath uses some ramping at an angle into the material, they can be increased quite a bit. If we wanted to be pedantic, the term chipload should be used for the case where there is no chip thinning, while the term chip thickness should be used to name the adjusted/effective chipload after chip thinning is taken into account. Now if you want to figure out how close you are to the absolute/physical. If you go for narrow and deep (and you should! "Feeds" and "Speeds" go hand in hand, what really matters is the combination of feedrate and RPM values for a given situation. It delivers speed, power, and precision in a handy and easy-to-use package. round the corners...) or use an adaptive clearing toolpath that will take a lot of very shallow bites at the corners instead of a deep one. For a given feedrate and RPM, the deeper it is the larger the forces on the endmill. [–]tinkermakedotcom 2 points3 points4 points 3 years ago (4 children). The Shapeoko's limits must also be accounted for: the absolute maximum theoretical chipload on a stock Shapeoko would be reached when using a single-flute endmill at the lowest RPM (10,000RPM on the Makita router) and at the fastest feedrate of 200 inch per minute, and that would be 200/(1×10,000) = 0.02'' = 0.5mm. Today, as a global brand in over 40 countries, Makita is an innovation leader, manufacturing best-in-class products at 10 plants operating in 8 countries. check MRR to compare the efficiency of various cutting parameters. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5h8o2Id1iLE, https://www.shapeoko.com/wiki/index.php/Shapeoko_3#Videos, https://www.shapeoko.com/wiki/index.php/Materials#Aluminium, https://www.shapeoko.com/wiki/index.php/Spindle_Overview#Rotary_Spindle_Options, https://www.shapeoko.com/wiki/index.php/RT0701, Dewalt has finer-grained speed control, Makita lower and higher range of possible speeds (the lower speeds are especially useful on plastics and wood), Dewalt has multiple precision collet options (standard ones as well as the ER-style collets from Precise Bits), Makita has a single source for precision collets (albeit in a variety of sizes), Dewalt has lights, the Makita does not[5], Dewalt has a plastic button on the Body, which limits Z plane positioning inside the mount, Makita has a more Robust Tool changing mechanism, with a cylinder push lock below the shaft, which will allow more mounting options in the Z plane[6], Makita brush life longer and replacements less expensive and easier to change. for this RPM to achieve the adjusted target chipload. When first starting CNC, selecting adequate cutting parameters feels a little bit like this: Using proper feeds and speeds and depth/width of cut values is important to : get a good quality of the cut (e.g. With everything hooked up, it was time for the moment of truth. I have attached a version here for convenience, but you may want to check if a more recent version is available on the forum. fill-in the specs of your router or spindle (once). It delivers speed, power, and precision in a handy and easy-to-use package. Each flute contributes in turn to removing material during one revolution of an endmill. determine plungerate depending on the material. ", and then determine the associated feedrate to get the right chipload. You also need to make sure your machine is as square as possible. The alternatives include avoiding straight corners in the design if possible (e.g. The V-carving toolpaths tend to generate sloped trajectories and a lot of plunges and retracts, so the cutter engagement is constantly changing. And then depth of cut will also come in the picture (more on this later). The main reason is that the traditional way to determine feeds and speeds (especially when cutting metal) is to start from the required SFM (Surface Feet Per Minute): this is the linear speed of the edge of the cutter, and it should be within a certain range depending on the material and the endmill. The Shapeoko 3 XXL from Carbide 3D is a large CNC router kit that is easy to assemble and use, making it the choice for us. Can be guided easily with one hand, very stable, and reasonably quiet (or at least quieter than my old Craftsman routers were). Also, check out adaptive clearing in the Toolpaths section, that goes hand in hand with high DOC and small WOC. If you need to optimize cutting time for a given piece, you will also need to take a look at the material removal rate (MRR): This yields a value in cubic inches (or cubic millimeters) of material removed per minute, and therefore relates to how fast you can complete a job. Trying to solve a static issue with dust collection. This is something we’ve been working on for a while to eliminate the supply trouble we’ve had trying to get enough DeWalt and Makita routers to sell. List here: https://www.shapeoko.com/wiki/index.php/Spindle_Overview#Rotary_Spindle_Options. Cutting passes with a small stepover are better for surface finish quality, while passes with large stepover obviously reduce overall cutting time since fewer passes are required to cut a given amount of material. RPM value. In order to meet the demand for a hook and loop backed pad that is designed specifically for this tool, we introduced the Alpha® GV Backer Pad. The recommended chipload/DOC values mentioned above include some margin to take this effect into account to some extent. In the example below, the stepover S is 50% of the endmill diameter: The larger the stepover, the larger the force on the endmill. The numbers here are with the router running without a load. the Tool Engagement Angle (TEA), will be different: For a 50% stepover, the TEA will be 90°: For a smaller stepover, say 25%, the TEA will be reduced (in this case to 60°): Slotting is a different story: half of the endmill is engaged at all times, so the TEA is 180°: The force on the endmill will be much higher than when cutting at 90° TEA, so the max achievable chipload/DOC combination for a given machine/endmill/material is lower. if computed feedrate exceeds the Shapeoko limit, choose a lower RPM value and recompute feedrate. 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