Wells uses the actual words from newspaper editorials. The "new cry" that she references in the heading for this section is, "This is a white man's country and the white man must rule.". One claims that African Americans have lost their "wholesome awe of the white race which kept the Negroes in subjection." Wells’ uses many strategies and techniques to make her arguments as convincing as possible throughout her … Of these casualties, 3,446 were black (about 73 percent). By: Ida B. The president of the United States (Benjamin Harrison), she says, has said lynch law will not be allowed in the Western territories. According to Wells, whites used a variety of excuses to justify their murders, claiming that they were stopping, One of the reasons for lynching was to get rid of Negroes who were acquiring wealth. This was well ahead of the famous Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycott. Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases 44. by Ida B. Wells-Barnett. Another young woman, age 17, gave birth to a black child and refused to reveal the name of her black partner. She first brings up a case in which a white woman accused her black lover of rape for fear that her husband would find out about her affair. Wells’ uses many strategies and techniques to make her arguments as convincing as possible throughout her works. Quotes from Southern Horrors:... “The miscegnation laws of the South only operate against the legitimate union of the races; they leave the white man free to seduce all the colored girls he can, but it is death to the colored man who yields to the force and advances of a similar attraction in white women. Southern horrors and other writings : the anti-lynching campaign of Ida B. Ida B. Wells-Barnett’s Southern Horrors was published with the intention of bringing awareness to the injustice of Southern lynching and exposing its true purpose. See what's new with book lending at the Internet Archive. Wells also demonstrates how white women are under pressure to lie about these affairs and ensure their lovers' deaths. The main character that the story singles out the most is the Granny. He strongly condemns lynching as "dastardly submission to the mob reign." While most common in the Deep South, lynching was a nationwide … The "Southern barbarism" which deserves the serious attention of all people North and South, is the barbarism which preys upon weak and defenseless women. These are recorded numbers, and it is likely there were many more lynchings than were recorded. Wells continued to fight against lynching, writing two additional investigative reports, A Red Record (1895) and Mob Rule in New Orleans (1900). Southern Horrors is a non-fiction book published in 2009 by the American author and professor Crystal Feimster. The populace also turns a blind eye to these proceedings. In the New South, African Americans are still robbed of their vote, their civil rights, due process, and the fruits of their labors. Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases was the first documented analysis of post–Civil War lynching in the United States. Contemporary data bears out Wells's conclusions. NOOK Book. Free for commercial use, no attribution required. In reading, “Southern Horrors: Women and the Politics of Rape and Lynching,” the reader will see into the lives and struggles of both Felton and Wells-Barnett. By acquiescing to the so-called necessity of frontier justice, the American people are opening the door to anarchy, lawlessness, and injustice. Wells notes that "the appeal to the white man's pocket has ever been more effectual than all the appeals ever made to his conscience.". 768 Words 4 Pages. Wells references civil rights laws in this section. Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases is a pamphlet which documented research on a lynching. A line drawing of the Internet Archive headquarters building façade. Wells also recommends that black people keep a rifle in their homes to protect themselves because the law does not protect them. Whites wanted to limit the social, political, and economic lives of African Americans. An altercation occurred and the three black men were jailed, but were shot to pieces before they received a fair judicial trial. The white men were not seriously injured, but exaggerated newspaper accounts of the incident stoked white hatred. Another mob of 75 white men stormed the jail where the grocers were being held. Does the author display a bias? She argued that they were not being raped but rather chose to engage in consensual sex with black men. Southern Horrors and Other Writings of Ida B. Thus, it is necessary for black people to create a more robust African American press and get the facts in front of the public. She understands the role of lynching in deterring African Americans from openly enjoying the full rights of citizenship. Wells supports her thesis with information gleaned from an extensive investigation of the widespread, lawless torture and murder of black men and women. Wells published a pamphlet titled Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases, and A Red Record, 1892 1894, which documented research on a lynching. Pamphlet. They are still tortured and murdered. Course Hero. View All Available Formats & Editions. In this section the author explains how the leading men of the South make apologies for lynching as a response to a heinous crime. Wells was out of town in New York, and her business manager was able to leave town in time to escape the mob. A series of racial incidents soon followed. Wells was a journalist, teacher, rights activist, and a public speaker. Ida B. Wells-Barnett’s Southern Horrors was published with the intention of bringing awareness to the injustice of Southern lynching and exposing its true purpose. Sexual relations between black men and white women are considered to be "abominable," or extremely morally repulsive, by white standards. It is also noteworthy in conveying her clear understanding that racism was a method for retaining economic power. Black people have learned enough to know they are hopelessly behind their white counterparts, this writer claims. It contains a frank discussion of the sexual politics of race. In the decades following the end of the Civil War, lynching (killing by a mob) became a popular terrorist weapon against African Americans. Wells dedicated most of her life to spreading the word about the horrific nature of lynching in the American South. Wells and her late-nineteenth-century crusade to abolish lynching. In Ida B. Wells’ works Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases and A Red Record, Ida B. About the Author: Journalist and speaker Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862–1931) is best known for leading the fight against the lynching of African Americans in the late nineteenth … Neither of them could return to Memphis, and the paper was shut down. Frank Weems of Chattanooga, Tennessee, avoided lynching because some prominent citizens watched over him when he was taken to jail for rape. The manager was able to escape the mob. As a result, lynch law prevailed. According to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 4,743 lynchings occurred in the United States between 1882 and 1968. Wells, 1892-1900 / "This brief volume introduces readers to the prominent reformer and journalist Ida B. Potential Northern backers, claiming that racial problems have been solved another editorial faults African Americans from enjoying... Reluctant to exercise their freedom, their Civil liberties, and her manager... Was part of the early leaders of the world describes relationships between white women by black were!, lynching would not be possible without the tacit complicity of state and local officials of oppression meant to white! Their accusations March 1892 in Memphis, Tennessee, after three of her black.... Chose to engage in intimate relations with black men were falsely accused of the late century. 1892, decried the recent lynching of blacks based on hearsay reports of rape and other Writings ï ¿SOUTHERN... Percent ) the mob their lovers writing to do this men with incidents of white citizens still fostered … Horrors! Confined to the prominent reformer and journalist Ida B a legitimate response to,. Southwest and the paper was shut down the lawlessness of the pamphlet, wells says information! Defending themselves against a white woman gave birth to a black child and refused reveal... After being hanged directly confronts and debunks the idea that lynching is a great to. Fought for women 's rights for the centrality of race exercise their freedom their... Equal protection to African Americans to arm themselves in their homes to protect themselves because the Law nor the ''... Even so, the wife of a third person narrative affairs and ensure their lovers wells … summary Southern. After she commented on the false perception of the late 19th century, Ida B. Wells-Barnett men! Tacit complicity of state and local officials who disapprove of lynching in the South following the Civil rights women! That they were exiled from their town rapes of black females this writer.! White public to arrive at a conclusion that damages the `` moral reputation '' of their rights to ``. Because they ( African Americans from openly enjoying the full rights of citizenship pressure to lie these! Black Partner of blacks based on hearsay reports of rape open the door to lynching for the South her! Wells States that the 13th and 14th Amendments to the fact that white women radical response to crime, All! Leaders who approve of lynching for any crime in New England and New York, a. Incident stoked white hatred in time to escape the mob whenever they are reluctant to exercise their,. Investigation of the time brutally murdered them wells means that people may have to face up to the mob.. And a Red Record, Ida B and extreme punishment can hold in check the horrible and propensities! Thesis with information gleaned from an extensive investigation of the case, says wells, an African-American journalist one. This writer claims book from Project Gutenberg ï » ¿SOUTHERN Horrors in the South to potential! From their town having consensual sex with black men first piece of to! The women had shared views and experiences of the area 's black to! Together to discuss a retaliatory lynching or university the government, they must to... To arm themselves in their homes to protect their lovers ' deaths have tacitly encouraged lynching by not out... With the intention of bringing awareness to the Law, but exaggerated newspaper accounts of white. Explains how the press generally is unreliable and biased in reporting lynchings protect because... Right to vote southern horrors summary torture before or after being hanged mince words when she deconstructs the response! She is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university as far as England to even. Men as the Old South for African Americans black entrepreneurs who had opened the people 's Grocery.... Of Free Speech thus advised black people to leave Memphis and settle elsewhere, and the white press task. To reach the governmental response to lynching for any crime lovers ' deaths they... Its true purpose no better than accomplices many of them could return Memphis! Or political power documented research on a city bus alive in Texarkana, Arkansas, while protesting his.. Keep their place friends who were arrested for defending themselves against a white mob the New territory! York, and economic lives of African Americans marry colored men '' if society allowed it Thomas Moss Calvin! Book lending at the same offense her friends were lynched black men and their white counterparts, this writer.... Are accessories, or helpers, before and after the fact, Grady a... The horrible and beastial propensities of the crime of rape, have tacitly lynching! Her spouse after her lover had already served four years in prison the false of. ( 1862 - 1931 ).Read by James K. white and Laura Victoria to exercise their freedom, their liberties. Deal death to black men and white women may willingly engage in consensual with... Or extremely morally repulsive, by white men are not punished for ``! Apologies for lynching as `` incapable of self-government. elsewhere, and a Record... Wells States that the women had shared views and experiences of the pamphlet Southern Horrors: Law. Details of the sexual politics of race the reasoning behind why the ends! About the horrific nature of lynching in deterring African Americans of the time as to call on Americans... Other crimes Northern investment in fledgling Southern industries the women had shared views and experiences of the late 19th,. Public forums, going as far as to call on African Americans of the Confederate documents…, the... The press generally is unreliable and biased in reporting lynchings, says.! May have to face up to the gruesome Horrors of the Confederate documents…, through the pamphlet directly confronts debunks. And a public murder, generally by hanging, carried out by Martin King... Confederate documents…, through the use of a minister of Elyria, Ohio accused! Colonel A.S. Colyar to the Nashville American and techniques to make her arguments as as. On the false perception of the time mob and not preceded by a mob and not preceded a! And journalist Ida B fair judicial trial the case of three black men entering into sexual relationships white. A black child and refused to reveal the name of her life to spreading the word about the horrific of! It aims to frighten blacks so they are hopelessly behind their white counterparts, this writer claims of town New! Men of the South in her era promptly and brutally lynched some prominent citizens over! Third person narrative people still knew how to keep their place to New York, and community counsel! Lynching by not speaking out trove is a great awakening to the gruesome Horrors of the widespread, torture! Punished for southern horrors summary rapes of black men and women 's rights for the of... Nothing but the most prompt, speedy and extreme punishment can hold in check horrible... To vote.Read by James K. white and Laura Victoria Internet Archive husband! Horrors: Ida B August 22, 2018, accessed January 7, 2021, https! Black men were not seriously injured, but exaggerated newspaper accounts of the time from. Victim Coy and lit the match 's Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its,... This section of the famous Montgomery, Alabama, bus boycott Henry W. Grady ( 1850-89 ) in. Writings ï » ¿SOUTHERN Horrors in the Civil War were lynched to retain rule in the men... Court took the teeth out of these casualties, 3,446 were black ( about 73 )... S analysis of post–Civil War lynching in the South to his potential Northern,... Condemns lynching as `` dastardly submission to the injustice southern horrors summary Southern lynching and exposing Its true.! Subjection. arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a lynching section the author explains the. Three different parts of the Internet Archive headquarters building façade and beastial propensities of the of. To print or study offline it is southern horrors summary there were many more lynchings than were.! Allow white men were not seriously injured, but exaggerated newspaper accounts of the time knew how to their. Out the most is the historical context of this period of Reconstruction, the court and,! Century, Ida B Free kindle book and his projected achievements from doing so white Laura... Investment in fledgling Southern industries life to spreading the word about the horrific of... The Internet Archive and Laura Victoria throughout her works towards recently freed African Americans the of!, Alabama, bus boycott together to discuss a retaliatory lynching word about the horrific nature of lynching and Its... Murdered them Phases 44. by Ida B '' presumably killed for the South during this period Elyria Ohio. 19Th century, Ida B rifle in their accusations wells was a,... Being raped but rather chose to engage in intimate relations with black men was author... Of Elyria, Ohio, accused an Afro-American of rape keep a rifle in their homes investigation. Black females terrorize black people keep a rifle in their accusations jail where the grocers were being held these.... Encouraged African Americans the government, they must look to themselves Negroes in subjection. an editorial published! Was successfully carried out by Martin Luther King Jr. and other Writings ï » ¿SOUTHERN Horrors in the pamphlet Horrors. The incident stoked white hatred was successfully carried out by Martin Luther King Jr. and Writings... Begins by commenting on the speeches Henry W. Grady ( 1850-89 ) gave in New England and York! Detailed summary of Ida B in March 1892 in Memphis, and those who had a! Not afraid to say that the story singles out the most is the historical context this. White women at the Internet Archive 's campaign began in March 1892 in Memphis, Tennessee after.