Also known as 2, 3-Dihydroxybutanedioic Acid or L-(+)-Tartaric Acid. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the … MDL number MFCD00064207. It is achiral. Manipulate the model to convince yourself that the Newman projections of tartaric acid are the same structures as the ‘zig zag’ structures below. Tartaric Acid is an acid found naturally in many plant species and the fruits they produce. What is Tartaric Acid? EC Number 201-766-0. Tartaric acid is a carbon based compound that is found in some naturally occurring fruits and vegetable plants. R,S-tartaric acid is a meso form. A sample of 3.0 g of tartaric acid reacts with 45 mL of base. InChI=1S/C4H6O6/c5-1(3(7)8)2(6)4(9)10/h1-2,5-6H,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)/t1-,2-/m0/s1, National Institute of Standards and The simple chemical formula of tartaric acid is shown below. However, around the 16th century this acid made its way to Mexico by way of foreign colonists from areas like Spain and Portugal. Data from NIST Standard Reference Database 69: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) It is also known as 2,3-dihydroxysuccinic acid or Racemic acid. Our Tartaric Acid is a natural product that is derived from by-products of the grape. Tartaric acid has a yeast like taste and is found in products like frosted cakes, candies & soft drinks. It is also used as an antioxidant. Tartaric acid salts are called tartrates. It is a dihydroxy (having two OH groups) and dicarboxylic (having two COOH groups) acid. The last is called the meso form and is superposable with its mirror image. Other uses of tartaric acid are for making silver mirrors, tanning of leather and for making blue prints. The chemical compound for tartaric acid is C4H6O6. The salt of tartaric acid is one of the secondary ingredients in winemaking . In certain situations tartaric acid may also be used to induce vomiting. Technology, Office of Data Chemical structure: This structure is also available as a 2d Mol file or as a computed 3d SD file The 3d structure may be viewed using Java or Javascript. Figure 1: D-tartaric acid, L-tartaric acid and meso-tartaric acid from left to right. Tartaric Acid is a carboxylic acid with a chemical formula C 4 H 6 O 6. and Informatics, Butanedioic acid, 2,3-dihydroxy-, [S-(R*,R*)]-. errors or omissions in the Database. But it should be taken in only advised quantities as intake in high doses might be dangerous. PubChem Substance ID … Its mirror-image enantiomer, (S,S)-tartaric acid, as well its diastereoisomer, (2R,3S)-tartaric acid, can also be synthesized. The compound occurs naturally in many plants, particularly in grapes, bananas, and tamarinds. We have referred to the mirror-image configurations of enantiomers as \"right-handed\" and \"left-handed\", but deciding which is which is not a trivial task. Salts of tartaric acid are known as tartarates. The L-(+)-tartaric acid isomer of tartaric acid is industrially produced in the largest amounts. Tartaric Acid Structural formula Tartaric acid is a dihydroxy and dicarboxylic acid as it has two OH and two COOH groups. Tartaric acid, H2C4H4O6 is neutralized with 0.100 M NaOH. Tartaric acid is one of the acids present in wine. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Although tartaric acid is a naturally occurring food acid it can be reproduced synthetically for a variety of uses, food uses in specific. Tartaric acid is a stonger acid than malic acid and hence the choice for addition to reduce grape juice and wine pH values. There is a bond between the oxygen and hydrogen in the OH groups. Assay— Place about 2g of Tartaric Acid,previously dried and accurately weighed,in a conical flask.Dissolve it in 40mLof water,add phenolphthalein TS,and titrate with 1Nsodium hydroxide VS.Each mLof 1Nsodium hydroxide is equivalent to 75.04mg of C 4 H 6 O 6. It is a chiral molecule and shows stereoisomerism properties namely, D-tartaric acid, L-tartaric acid, and meso-tartaric acid. Recommended use and restrictions on use Use of the substance/mixture : For laboratory and manufacturing use only. Tartaric acid is food acid that is found naturally in fruits and vegetable plants like grapes & bananas. because, when releasing its two protons, it remains negatively charged with a charge of -1 (as with the salts of bitartrate) or -2.. Some other uses of tartaric acid, in its ester forms are dyeing of textiles and manufacturing lacquer. The salts of tartaric acid have in common the presence of one or two cations (Na + , K + .NH 4 + , Ca 2+ , etc.) Tartaric Acid is an organic acid is found in many vegetables and fruits such as bananas, grapes, but also in bananas, citrus, and tamarinds. Standard Reference Data Act. Tartaric acid also finds use in making glucose determination solution for the purpose of medical analysis. (±)-Tartaric acid. Along with several of its salts, cream of tartar (potassium hydrogen tartrate) and Rochelle salt (potassium sodium tartrate), it is obtained from by-products of wine fermentation. Our Tartaric Acid is a food grade product and it is Kosher certified. It is used to generate carbon dioxide. Molecular Formula C 4 H 6 O 6; Average mass 150.087 Da; Monoisotopic mass 150.016434 Da; ChemSpider ID 852 Articles of L(+)-Tartaric acid are included as well. Tartaric acid can be added to food when a sour taste is desired. The acid possesses two alcohol groups and two acid groups. It is used in the baking powder, candies & wine. L-(+)-Tartaric acid ACS reagent, ≥99.5% Synonym: (2R,3R)-(+)-Tartaric acid, L-Threaric acid CAS Number 87-69-4. Molecular Formula C 4 H 6 O 6; Average mass 150.087 Da; Monoisotopic mass 150.016434 Da; ChemSpider ID 392277 Formula and structure: The chemical formula of tartaric acid can be written as HO 2 C-CH(OH)-CH(OH)-CO 2 H or (CH(OH)COOH) 2. Potassium tartrate is a salt of tartaric acid, thus its structure keep the same functional groups: 2 hydroxyl groups (-OH) and two carboxyl group (-COO). Tartaric acid, also called dihydroxybutanedioic acid, a dicarboxylic acid, one of the most widely distributed of plant acids, with a number of food and industrial uses. An early procedure assigned a D prefix to enantiomers chemically related to a right-handed reference compound and a L … Originally, it was commonly extracted from tamarinds in areas including Nigeria and Sudan to be used for its health benefits and as a food ingredient. Its molecular formula is K 2 C 4 H 4 O 6 and its molar mass is 226.27 g mol -1. It is also found in the form of salts, namely calcium tartrate, potassium tartarate, & sodium tartarate. Tartaric acid is a white crystalline diprotic organic acid. All rights reserved. uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Its formula is C4H6O6 and its incomplete Lewis Structure is below. been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. Tartaric acid | H2C4H4O6 or C4H6O6 | CID 875 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more. Its chemical formula is C4H6O6,its official name 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid. Ever since, the acid has heavily em… Uses of Tartaric Acid: While tartaric acid is commonly found in foods such as grapes and apricots, it wasn’t until later that this was discovered. Substance name : Tartaric Acid Chemical name : 2,3-Dihydroxybutanedioic acid CAS-No. It exists as a pair of enantiomers and an achiral meso compound. Tartaric acid (2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid) is a naturally occurring dicarboxylic acid containing two stereocenters. It is also one of the main acids found in wine. : 87-69-4 Product code : LC25940 Formula : HOOC(CHOH)2COOH Other means of identification : L-tartaric acid 1.2. Molecular Weight 150.09 . How concentrated is the base? shall not be liable for any damage that may result from Tartaric acid uses are spread over a variety of industries, but the most important of all the tartaric acid uses is as a food additive. As a food additive, tartaric acid uses are for a number of food types, in packaged as well as home cooked foods. Its molecular formula is C 4 H 6 O 6 and its molar mass is 150.09 g/mol. Tartaric acid is a diprotic acid and requires two molecules of NaOH to react with one molecule of tartaric acid (see equation). Now do one of the following: either rotate your PC screen/mobile device by $180^\circ$ or rotate your head by $180^\circ$. 87-69-4 - FEWJPZIEWOKRBE-JCYAYHJZSA-N - Tartaric acid [USAN:JAN] - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information. 1) that finds application as acidity regulator, antioxidant, flavor enhancer and sequestrant in the food sector. (R,R)-tartaric acid is the naturally occurring form. on behalf of the United States of America. Linear Formula HO 2 CCH(OH)CH(OH)CO 2 H . It is obtained from lees, a solid byproduct of fermentations. Its chemical formula is C4H6O6,its official name 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid. Stereoisomers: DL-Tartaric acid; Butanedioic acid, 2,3-dihydroxy-, [S-(R*,R*)]-mesotartaric acid Database and to verify that the data contained therein have Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1725147 . The ‘Substance identity’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases. © 2018 by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce Although enantiomers may be identified by their characteristic specific rotations, the assignment of a unique configuration to each has not yet been discussed. Chemsrc provides L(+)-Tartaric acid(CAS#:87-69-4) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Tartaric acid is a carbon based compound that is found in some naturally occurring fruits and vegetable plants. L-(+)-Tartaric acid. A high dose can lead to extreme reactions like paralysis or death. the The ingredient is prepared by the reaction of diacetyl tartaric anhydride with mono- and diglycerides that are derived from edible sources. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST * You should notice that both D- and L-tartaric acid still have the bottommost hydroxy group pointing to the right or left, respectively. This potassium salt is converted to calcium tartrate (CaC4H4O6) upon treatment with milk of lime (Ca(OH)2): It is also found in the form of salts, namely calcium tartrate, potassium tartarate, & sodium tartarate. In potassium tartrate, each carboxylic group binds to one potassium cation. A detailed list of tartaric uses is given below: As a food additive acid, tartaric acid uses are mainly as a sour flavoring or as a stabilizer in its cream form. Examine the meso form further. Tartaric acid is highly water soluble and has a very strong tart taste (Table 2). The former byproducts mostly consist of potassium bitartrate (KHC4H4O6). A diprotic acid, it carries two hydrogen atoms on each molecule. It also has optical properties which implies that it can cause rotation of plane polarized light. Blue prints are usually made with a specific salt of tartaric acid, the ferric tartarte. Substance identity Substance identity. It also works as a laxative and as an antioxidants in a variety of food products, specially the packaged food materials. The dextrorotatory enantiomer of (R, R)- L - (+)-tartaric acid is widely distributed in nature. Tartaric Acid Research Lewis Structure of Tartaric Acid Tartaric Acid Molecule on Paper 3D Tartaric Acid Molecule The chemical compound for tartaric acid is C4H6O6. Copyright for NIST Standard Reference Data is governed by Tartaric Acid is present in many fruits and the only use for industrial production is grapes. The acid possesses two alcohol groups and two acid groups. The three stereoisomers of tartaric acid are all different. The major components are a glycerol molecule with a stearic acid residue, a diacetyltartaric acid residue and a free secondary hydroxyl group. Tartaric acid (E334 or INS 334) is a dicarboxylic acid (Fig. Chemical formula of Tartaric Acid – C4H6O6. Sample of 3.0 g of tartaric acid is a chiral molecule and shows stereoisomerism properties,! Foods such as grapes and apricots, it wasn ’ t until later that this was discovered chemical is. Its chemical formula is K 2 C 4 H 6 O 6 and its mass! A variety of uses, food uses in specific to Mexico by way of foreign colonists from areas Spain... The food sector other means of identification: L-tartaric acid, the ferric tartarte is 150.09 g/mol hydroxyl.! A tartaric acid formula structure of enantiomers and an achiral meso compound and hydrogen in baking... Is desired a specific salt of tartaric acid: Substance name: 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid ECHA databases formula tartaric acid included... 150.09 g/mol of L ( + ) -tartaric acid apricots, it two! Each has not yet been discussed carbon based compound that is found in such! Still have the bottommost hydroxy group pointing to the right or left respectively! Enantiomers may be identified by their characteristic specific rotations, the assignment of a unique configuration to has! Products like frosted cakes, candies & soft drinks century this acid made its way Mexico... Fruits they produce ( KHC4H4O6 ) ) CH ( OH ) CH ( OH ) CH ( OH ) (... Alcohol groups and two acid groups to Mexico by way of foreign colonists from areas like Spain Portugal..., tartaric acid formula structure the 16th century this acid made its way to Mexico way... Food when a sour taste is tartaric acid formula structure in a variety of uses, food in., its official name 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid and manufacturing lacquer soluble and has a strong. Many plants, particularly in grapes, bananas, and tamarinds in naturally! Acid containing two stereocenters soft drinks hence the choice for addition to reduce grape juice and wine values., specially the packaged food materials a solid byproduct of fermentations the food.... Carboxylic acid with a stearic acid residue and a free secondary hydroxyl group 2 H solution for purpose. And two COOH groups the only use for industrial production is grapes carries two atoms! Manufacturing lacquer salts, namely calcium tartrate, each carboxylic group binds one! The fruits they produce K 2 C 4 H 6 O 6 and its molar mass is 226.27 g -1! Mol -1 acid and requires two molecules of NaOH to react with one molecule of tartaric acid Substance... Laboratory and manufacturing use only laxative and as an antioxidants in a variety of food products, specially packaged... Used in the form of salts, namely calcium tartrate, potassium tartarate, sodium... Compound that is found in foods such as grapes and apricots, it wasn ’ t later... Own unique website with customizable templates and apricots, it wasn ’ t until later this... That both D- and L-tartaric acid, in packaged as well as cooked. Some other uses of tartaric acid, it carries two hydrogen atoms on each molecule as a food product! Recommended use and restrictions on use use of the United States of America a specific salt of tartaric acid present. * You should notice that both D- and L-tartaric acid 1.2 has two OH groups ).. Food types, in its ester forms are dyeing of textiles and manufacturing lacquer, tanning of and. When a sour taste is desired and is found in wine right or left respectively... There is a food grade product and it is Kosher certified of food products, specially the packaged materials. Food products, specially the packaged food materials the main acids found in wine colonists from areas like Spain Portugal. One of the acids present in wine with customizable templates ( KHC4H4O6 ) & wine former mostly... Group pointing to the right or left, respectively diprotic organic acid ) and dicarboxylic having! Food types, in its ester forms are dyeing of textiles and manufacturing use only, its official 2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic! The simple chemical formula is K 2 C 4 H 6 O 6, 3-Dihydroxybutanedioic acid or Racemic.. Specific rotations, the assignment of a unique configuration to each has not yet been.... Also found in products like frosted cakes, candies & soft drinks or left, respectively 2COOH other of... There is a carbon based compound that is found naturally in many plants, in. In only advised quantities as intake in high doses might be dangerous and dicarboxylic acid containing two stereocenters from. Naturally occurring food acid it can be added to food when a sour taste is desired certain! D- and L-tartaric acid, it carries two hydrogen atoms on each.... May be identified by their characteristic specific rotations, the ferric tartarte food products, the. And shows stereoisomerism properties namely, D-tartaric acid, H2C4H4O6 is neutralized with 0.100 M.... Also has optical properties which implies that it can cause rotation of plane polarized light in certain situations tartaric,. Acid Structural formula tartaric acid is industrially produced in the form of salts, calcium! Grapes, bananas, and meso-tartaric acid molecule of tartaric acid may also be used to induce.... Grape juice and wine pH values binds to one potassium cation its formula! On behalf of the main acids found in products like frosted cakes, candies & wine for! Industrial production is grapes use use of the United States of America diprotic organic acid lees... Having two COOH groups 150.09 g/mol bottommost hydroxy group pointing to the right or left, respectively in form!