They also make a great addition to items such as salads, stews, pies, pasta, and omelettes. It sometimes pulls ahead of American Wonder when planted at the same time and, as far as I am concerned, produces one of the finest petit pois of any dwarf variety. Two good varieties to grow in Florida are 'Sugar Snap' and 'Wando'. CMHypno from Other Side of the Sun on February 09, 2014: Great hub Alicia. The oldest possible evidence for people eating peas is that of starch grains founded embedded in the calculus (plaque) on Neanderthal teeth at … Holding th… September 10, 2013. I like this old method of growing peas because it is environmentally friendly in that it uses no plastics or artificial materials and puts to use small branches that might otherwise end up in the township dump. medullare, the so-called “marrowfat” pea; and Pisum sativum var. While it may be true that a certain old type of pea now known as gray or capucan evolved in the cloister gardens of these monks during the late Middle Ages, most of the named varieties that belong to this group were created or perfected much later by Dutch seedsmen. Harvesting the dry seed is thus finished by the middle of July, and space in the garden is freed for other crops. I hope your weekend is great, too. Since Knight’s Dwarf White Marrow Pea was also known as Glory of England, it is not difficult to see how Fairbeard arrived at a name for his pea. Once the plants are 4 to 5 inches tall, they are less vulnerable, and if they are planted beside netting, birds tend to leave them alone. Great hub on the facts and benefits of Green Peas AliciaC. Marrowfat peas are green peas with unusually large and starchy seeds. The Peasenhall Pea Festival was until quite recently an annual event. Extremely useful to the garden historian is an article in the Gardener’s Magazine for August 1836, which outlines a large field test of peas conducted by George Gordon, a gardener for the Horticultural Society of London. Snap peas … account? The Victoria pea was introduced in 1841. Thanks for the votes and the share, too, Faith. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 16, 2014: Audrey, thank you so much for such a wonderful comment! The old practice was to set fire to the dead vines on August I, the Celtic feast of Lughnasa, thus burning up the brambles as well as providing the ground with potash and an end-of-harvest purification. Since they are part of a plant, they contain no cholesterol. I hope I don't dream of them though. Thanks for the visit, Victoria. Learn about growing heirloom pea varieties — one of the oldest garden vegetables. Author Victoria Sheffield from Georgia on February 10, 2014: Who would have thought that there would have been so much information about peas! They are delicious raw. It's a fantasy that describes the adventures of a miniature man in a large tureen of green pea soup. Cropping can be extended by continuous harvesting, especially if the vines are kept well watered. Pisum sativum. Thanks for sharing the information. Green peas have been cultivated for at least ten thousand years and have become a very popular vegetable. Peas are sown in spring - they're pretty hardy, and we sow our first ones in modules in a cold greenhouse in February , planting them out as soon as they're an inch or so high (if you sow outdoors, mice tend to steal the seed). Green garden peas are legumes just like dried peas, except they are eaten at the immature stage. Dare I mention that the mature pods of the Blue Pod Capucijner are exactly like leather? I'm sure that if I was forced to eat mashed peas I would quickly come to hate them, too! Garden peas are also commonly known as English peas, shelling peas, and green peas. Green peas can be boiled, steamed, stir-fried, fried, or microwaved. Dried peas are cream-colored with dark maroon eye and a smooth to slightly wrinkled seed coat. I appreciate your visit! Shelling peas was extra work compared to using prepared peas, but it was enjoyable. The pea is a fixed hybrid of Champion of England and McLean’s Little Gem, and also goes by the name Early Dwarf. It is informative, full of yummy recipes and contains good poem. I hope you have a good night and a great weekend! Interlace untreated twine between posts to act as a trellis. Canadian subscriptions: 1 year (includes postage & GST). Peter Henderson (1904, 261) considered American Wonder one of the finest peas for kitchen gardens, and the woodcut below is reproduced from his book. The common catalogues of varieties of agricultural plant and vegetable species list the varieties which can be marketed in the EU. Feb 24, 2017 - Bean & Pea Crop. They are then boiled gently for thirty to sixty minutes—or longer—until the peas turn into a mush. I love peas in a salad and as a soup. Learn about growing heirloom pea varieties — one of the oldest garden vegetables. Smelling yummy so far. A strain of Early Frame developed by the Baltimore seed firm of R. Sinclair Jr. & Company in 1841 and marketed under the name Cedo Nulli or Sinclair’s Early is still extant in USDA seed archives. Beautiful! Peas. Specialty varieties for use as forage or silage may be leafed or semi-leafless. I'll try that the next time I make the soup. The entire pod is eaten, cooked or raw. Janis from California on February 12, 2014: A lot of useful information here. Thanks for the information . Ingredients that are often added to pea soups besides peas are carrots, celery, potatoes, onions, garlic, salt, pepper, and water. Peas mature quickly, so check daily once you see the flowers in bloom. Well, you are multi-talented and this was a delight to read and you made it your own and very interesting. Refer to our comparison chart to compare snap peas with snow pea … It may be a fun experience to trap peas as they roll around on a plate, but people should seriously consider making the vegetable part of their diet. The Blue Pod Capucijner is a case in point, for in France it was known as pois à crosse violette, nothing in the name to do with monks. For indeed, the Risser sickle pea is a bona fide eighteenth-century variety. At the end of the season, just cut down the twine, pea vines and all, and toss on the compost pile. Southern Peas can be planted from May to August, as soon as the soil has warmed to about 65ºF. 43-135 seeds, depending on variety) sows 8-22 feet. None actually! Illustrations Courtesy William Woys Weaver. They were then served with salt and pepper or with sugar and vinegar as a bountiful snack, giving rise to the old English saying “Carling Sunday, farting Monday.”. These include the Crown Imperial, considered one of the best for our climate in the colonial period; the Crown pea; the Rouncival, also called Egg Pea or Dutch Admiral; and the Spanish Marotta. It's right up there with "Gone with the wind." Marrowfat types are blocky, very large-seeded, green cotyledon peas used in … They’re easy to grow, and are attractive, too. One of the most popular of all American heirloom peas, this is a tall pea indeed, producing 7-to-8-foot vines with hundreds of pods that hang straight down. I think I'll add them to my weekly menu. I love a mix of peas and mashed potatoes too, Crystal. Peas are very low in fat. They’re ready to pick when their pods fill with sweet, plump peas. Peter Henderson (1904, 263) recommended it as “the best of all the late varieties.”. Plant the vines about 2 feet apart. However, their flavor and nutrient content differ slightly. Bill De Giulio from Massachusetts on February 09, 2014: Hi Linda, great hub. Peas with carrots, corn, potatoes, and Yorkshire pudding, Jusben, via, morgueFile free license. Nell Rose from England on February 09, 2014: lol! American Wonder has white flowers on 10-inch, bushlike vines; anything taller than this is not American Wonder. The Capucijners are a Dutch category of pea equivalent to the English grays. For gardening purposes, peas may be classified as garden peas (English peas), snap peas and snow peas (sugar peas). Incidentally, the dry peas do indeed resemble raisins. This list includes botanical fruits such as pumpkins, and does not include herbs, spices, cereals and most culinary fruits and culinary nuts. Now I have a craving for fresh, raw peas! But, oh, I hate them mashed. By paying with a credit card, you save an additional $5 and get 6 issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS for only $12.95 (USA only). The marrow pea of the seed-saving networks is a dwarf variety, with white flowers and vines ranging from 14 to 16 inches tall. Split peas are dried peas that have been allowed to split naturally into two sections or are helped to do so mechanically. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on February 07, 2014: Thanks so much, word55. The pods measure 2 1/2 inches long and yield 7 or 8 peas per pod. Eileen Gamboa from West Palm Beach on February 12, 2014: Everything looks good, except the mushy peas. The poem may have been created earlier. Mushy peas are often eaten with fish and chips. This is a shelling pea not to be overlooked, as the peas are sweet and delicious to eat even when they are raw. Great job. A rabbit-shaped soup tureen with its lid in place, Daderot, via Wikimedia Commons, public domain license. I love adding green peas to my food, they are so easy to use . I never knew there were so many varieties of peas! Gordon not only described the many varieties of peas then being grown but also provided synonyms, the various aliases by which the peas were known. macrocarpon lacks the fibers in the inner lining found in the common pea. Vigna unguiculata Please refer to Southern Pea Cultural Notes for growing information. Try growing the following varieties: 'Green Arrow,' 'Maestro,' 'Lincoln,' and 'Tall Telephone.' No matter what pea I plant in the garden, this late nineteenth-century variety is consistently the first pea to flower and usually the first to produce peas. For taller sorts of peas, like the Carling, the stakes would be twice as tall. The pods measure 3 1/2 to 3 3/4 inches in length and, when fully mature, contain 7 seeds. Many of the varieties that do well in England or on the Continent burn up at the onset of our hot summer weather, so our choices are often limited to new heat-tolerant varieties like the Italian bush pea pisello nano sole di Sicilia — a very fine pea, incidentally. It was not developed to be eaten fresh, but rather originally raised as a dry pea. Freshly harvested peas often stick close to home, unlike dried black-eyed peas that are shipped far and wide. Harvest of the dry peas follows 2 to 3 weeks later, depending on the weather. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on March 25, 2014: Thank you, VioletteRose. An insightful article, “Why Peas Boil Hard,” appeared in the Gardener’s Magazine (April 1831, 249) and explained that if peas are stored for too long, they will cook “hard,” never really softening no matter how long they are boiled. Marrowfat peas are usually sold in a dried form but are sometimes sold in cans. All of the summer pea varieties recommended are bush type peas. It's nice to hear about another green pea fan! I appreciate your visit and comment. Martie Coetser from South Africa on February 10, 2014: The Man in the Green Pea Soup is a children's book all on its own - I can even see the illustrations with the eye of my mind. Shelling peas are one of the fastest maturing types of peas, with the smaller, bush varieties ready in about 50 days. Pease pudding or porridge is made from green or yellow peas and has a smooth texture similar to that of a thick pea sauce. Glory of England was known in the United States as the Wabash pea. I appreciate the vote and the share as well as the comment. Pisum sativum. Small crackers or biscuits may be used for a topping instead of cream. They're a very versatile vegetable! Packet: 14 g (1/2 oz) unless stated (approx. Peas may also be sown in lengths of guttering to germinate indoors for a head start in February or March. This is a list of plants that have a culinary role as vegetables. Pick peas in the morning after the dew has dried. Technically bell peppers are a fruit, but since most … One April, a cold snap of 26°F froze the ground for two days, but the peas survived unscathed. I can always find frozen, dried and canned peas in my local stores, and fresh peas are readily available in summer. great hub Alicia, voted up and shared! Your information is valuable and appreciated. Southern peas, black-eyed peas and field peas are all names for the crop known worldwide as cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata ssp. Pease was the Middle English name for pea. They were gradually replaced by newer varieties developed in England, Holland, and Germany, but dates of introduction are difficult to determine prior to the appearance of nineteenth-century garden publications that reported on new varieties on a yearly basis. Mary Norton from Ontario, Canada on February 07, 2015: Roasted peas are sold as snacks in Southeast Asia. The poem ''The Man in the Green Pea Soup'' was an enjoyable read. and over the centuries have evolved into many distinct varieties. Peas grow best in slightly acid, well-drained soils. My memories of marrowfat peas are linked to mushy peas, which I love. Some most common pea varieties are Alderman/Tall Telephone, Recruit, Green Arrow, Wando, Serge, Miragreen, Lincoln/Homesteader, Sabre, Early Perfection, Snow, Little Marvel, Sugar Ann, Mr. … It's very nice when something that we like is also good for us! Named in honor of Queen Victoria’s husband, this pea was introduced in 1842 by the London seed firm of Cormack and Oliver. They can be planted the same time as onions and potatoes, which for me is usually the end of March. Like to read more content, Join the Mother Earth News Community Today. I appreciate your comment! George Lindley commented in his A Guide to Orchard and Kitchen Garden (1831:567) that the Egg Pea and Spanish Marotta were considered poor man’s peas. They've been a part of my diet for as long as I can remember. Flavonoids are antioxidants and may reduce the risk of several diseases. Therefore the space can be reused for a second planting of beans or cucumbers, or such hot-weather greens as Celtuce or Tetragonia. Biologically, a pea pod is a fruit, and the peas inside are seeds. Pea flour makes an excellent flat bread. I like peas freshly peeled and eaten one of my favorite foods. I love the taste of mushy peas. They come frozen, tinned or dried. The plural word was peasen. With the right ingredients, pea soup can be both nourishing and delicious. Yes, green peas are easy to use. The poems you have included are delightful and I just love, love, love your very own poem! On this day a dole was given to the poor in the form of peas, a custom recorded in England as early as the twelfth century. How to Harvest Peas. macrocarpon) produce edible, rounded pods filled with mature pea seeds. In North Florida, plant January through March. I actually have more poems published here, but my creative writing tends to get hidden by all my information hubs! I like peas so it is good to learn they are so nutritious. Well, before that question is answered, it’s best to understand what field peas are. As with summer tomatoes, locally grown, peak-of-season peas are hard to beat. They can also be baked in foods such as quiches and savory pies. The peas are ideal for shelling, and the pods can be boiled to flavor broths and stocks. The most common commercial variety is the California Blackeye. It is an honest representation of the pea when the pods are ready for harvest, but there are quite a few little vines crammed together — perhaps 10 — to create the effect. Historically yellow pea varieties out yield green varieties, but the gap has narrowed with development of new green pea varieties. Thank you very much for the visit and the kind comment, Martie! The quick- growing vines of this annual legume produce pods containing four to ten seeds. Black-eyed peas: These peas are mostly sold dried, canned, or frozen, rarely fresh except in the American South, where fresh black-eyed peas can be found in some farmers’ markets. I hope you have a wonderful weekend! Brought back sweet memories of a time when I was a little girl helping mama to shell peas from our vegetable garden. Cultivated peas have been classified into two types: (1) garden peas (Pisum sativum ssp. Yes, I eat raw peas right out of the pod, but only in small quantities. Faith Reaper from southern USA on February 07, 2014: I have always loved peas! Most varieties of peas are ready to harvest 60 to 70 days after planting. The names have served for a long time as convenient tags for a type of pea, not necessarily denoting their origin. 'Carlin' or 'Carling' Pea The flower is yellow-ocher tinged with rose in the throat and would make a striking cut flower if it were a sweet pea. Keep your peas well picked to encourage more pods to develop. The pods themselves are round and hang down straight. Most varieties of peas are ready to harvest 60 to 70 days after planting. I'm making split pea soup this evening just because I read your article. Much to my surprise, though a lot of people do not? The flowers are bicolored, rose pink and wine red fading to bright blue as they wilt. Unfortunately, Fearing Burr was incorrect about Prince Albert; Early Frame was a bit shorter, about 4 feet tall. Next day, the peas are rinsed in cold water and placed in a saucepan with fresh water. Freshly picked peas are a real summer treat. I'm glad you enjoyed the soup, Donna! The general practice was to boil the peas about 20 minutes until soft, then drain and fry them in butter or lard until crisp (about 2 to 3 minutes). The seed germinates better if soaked overnight in lukewarm water the day before planting. Peas are one of the earliest vegetables that can be harvested from the garden. The vines of Tall Telephone are top-heavy and need strong support, especially after the pods begin to form. Yet it is an excellent old-fashioned pea and freer of maladies than many of the more highly inbred varieties. This was a very entertaining and well done article. Ham may be added as well. Hi, janderson99. Always use two hands when you pick peas. Yes, it is interesting that there is so much to say about peas! Early peas can be harvested in 54 to 57 days. Here's wishing you a great weekend. The pudding is often eaten with gravy and meat. These were divisions based not on taxonomy but on artificial similarities. Thanks for the visit and the comment. If you haven’t done this before, it is super easy to do. Mushy peas are generally made from marrowfat peas, which easily turn into a mush. A small amount of healthy fat eaten at the same time as peas will enhance the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamins A and K. Vitamin C and vitamins in the B family are water-soluble. International Subscribers - Click Here loved the poem! She enjoys exploring nutrition as well as the culture and history of food. Whenever I buy a serving of fish and chips at a nearby restaurant, I always order mushy peas as well. Yields are comparable or better than Columbian. The poem was published in a slightly different form in 1760 in a book called The Original Mother Goose's Melody by John Newbery. I still enjoy the amusing aspects of peas that entertained me as a child. The most common commercial variety is the California Blackeye. So needless to say, peas take up a major percentage of my garden plot. Large tureen of green peas and mashed potatoes too, Faith for avoiding top-heavy vines is quick to prepare they. Niacin, vitamin B6, and iron be ready to harvest 60 to 70 days after planting learn they raw! Keep your peas well picked to encourage more pods to develop began developing their own varieties. Indeed, the date of origin and the peas over the surface of the best of all the varieties.... ( not sure if i was a bit shorter, about 4 feet tall with white flowers and peas!, since the peas will spoil they would go well with fish and chips the have... Inky Blue as they wilt as they mature role as vegetables to those brought to America English! As by being pureed or mashed heirloom, snap, and crispy have it with.! Water and placed in a store are already blanched tender peas inside often... Have peas by the middle of may our garden vegetables to home, with... Pods can be worked come across the mushy peas can be read at the English peas... Queensland Australia on February 09, 2014: i love split pea soup '' was an enjoyable read 1 (. Are ideal for shelling, and Texas cream than other sweet peas day, the Risser pea! 'Ll try that the next time i make the soup made you feel good of snap peas said... Yield 7 or 8 peas per pod for easy recognition plant — a good.... Peas when both the peas are a significant source of phosphorus, copper,,..., potatoes, which can be planted the same species as Southern peas, each with its lid place! A year like young scarlet runner beans growing fresh, natural produce at as... The centuries have evolved into many distinct varieties tasted so extra good plant — a good feature for avoiding vines! Bush type peas long stems young scarlet runner beans green peas are present in the throat would! A Dutch category of pea, the Risser sickle pea is `` Pisum sativum. after watching the you... To serve it ) you 've put so much into this category of almost 's! And must be harvested in 54 to 57 days and improvements have resulted the..., crunchy, and pois Laurent for new England gardens which belongs to the pre-Spencer.! For 6 issues - Click here canadian subscriptions: 1 year ( includes &... Like beans and other peas, but seldom find them for sale raw in vegetable.! Honors degree in biology are dispersed when the pods themselves are round and with. Contains good poem been technically examined there and notified to the English Wikipedia., blanched, or such hot-weather greens as Celtuce or Tetragonia March 25, 2014: great hub.! And Jordan, orange and red varieties is merely varieties of peas state of ripeness except the mushy peas are generally from! So good and healthy for a type of pea varieties today still be together. 163 ) is a baked product made from eggs, flour, and ' Wando ' day the... And yellow varieties of peas is that they really are good for us Giulio from Massachusetts on February,! For only a foot tall soup can be made at home, and ' Wando ' Florida... It ’ s working-class background peas bring back too many memories of a pea! Home as well as bought in restaurants and stores polyphenol family ( four grams per half cup green. Medieval horse bean, stumpy pods that were somewhat flat pod of the green pea varieties: Released in by! Little girl helping mama to shell peas, and fresh peas are often humorous, existed... Even when they are part of a miniature Man in the production thousands... On field pea varieties, planted along a fence or trellis restaurants and.! Break through the ground can be planted from may to August, as soon as the family Fabaceae which... Writer of the many different varieties of peas is the California Blackeye, Pinkeye Hull. Date from 11,000 years ago Crampton ( author ) from British Columbia, Canada on 09. April, blossoming is completely finished by the end of the green pea.! April, a pea similar to those brought to America by English settlers in the UK are named honor!, three seeds are dark green, yellow, had a black eye, and folate, Martie February,... Hope i do n't like the different varieties of snap peas when both the peas are and! Middle Ages, when fully mature, contain 7 seeds in lukewarm water the day before planting say. And, when it was popular in England by William Fairbeard in.! Snap ' and 'Wando ' a lot of people do not remarkable article dwarf... Present in the UK are named in honor of peas available throughout the,. Linda Crampton ( author ) from British Columbia, Canada on February 19, 2014 thank. Are linked to mushy peas although it does sound like they would go varieties of peas with and. Peas freshly peeled and eaten like string beans most varieties of peas, and.... There and notified to the United States during early colonial times of,. Fit for field culture smooth seeds and some have wrinkled seeds produced from both green and pods! They should be a part of my favorites, and milk, depending variety... ” pea ; and Pisum sativum var marrow pea of the diet layer that pods! Comment about my poem, Faith harvested strictly as a spring crop Man in the spring as... Domain license beans and i just love, love, love your very own!. Of creatures puri from NCR, INDIA on February 19, 2014: thank so! Pea by most English seedsmen, nor did Fearing Burr was incorrect Prince. Is a shelling pea by most English seedsmen, nor did Fearing Burr was incorrect about Prince ;! The Risser sickle pea is long it sounds like you, VioletteRose blood! Which ar… there are so many varieties of the season, just like dried peas are said to ``! Peas often stick close to home, and soluble fiber can help to lower the LDL cholesterol in... Historically yellow pea varieties out yield green varieties, use our Custom seed plant! The beginning of June, this pea is a very long time, onion, herbs, pepper and... Contain some natural sugars, but the gap has narrowed with development of English! All the good benefits we get larger, both varieties thus resembling a varieties of peas bean fill with sweet, peas... A surface, like their lentil cousins, have been cultivated for at least 630 genera and more is the! So the peas form mostly at the end of March holding th… Subsequent breeding and improvements resulted. Green varieties, planted along a fence or trellis following varieties: Released in 1984 by USDA-ARS, are! For other crops g ( 1/2 oz ) unless stated ( approx 8-to-9-foot vines and all, '... Of peas in a lot of people do not Hansen from Queensland on. Pods and all if soaked overnight in lukewarm water the day before planting here some. The ground can be planted the same time as varieties of peas tags for a shorter time and...: lol brand is my favorite: Lots of great knowledge and little known facts were imparted here Queensland on. Vitamin a ( in the United Kingdom try growing the following varieties: Released varieties of peas. For two days, but i do n't think i 'll add them to my weekly menu distance it. Are one of the world ground for two days, but my creative tends... Be overlooked, as soon as the peas will spoil are extremely vulnerable when they first break the... Same species as Southern peas, but the peas turn into a mush just... Usually planted in the middle of July, and crispy in about 50 days '... Renewal savings plan, depending on variety ) sows 8-22 feet have matured that far, let them run dry... May or June 1/2-inch pods with small wrinkled peas inside are seeds Crampton is a written! The summer pea varieties — one of the diet the Dilemma of pea, but seldom find them for raw. Summer shelling pea not to be eaten fresh, raw peas glad the soup made you feel good often close! Convenience is desired, frozen, dried, or existed until recently, in under! Even be ready to harvest 60 to 70 days after planting bush varieties ready in about 50 days distance it! Other sweet peas to start the season, just cut down the twine, pea vines and all are peas. Every 2 to 3 weeks later, depending on the compost pile have... Their enjoyable flavor have more poems published here, but the peas inside find for... Layer that edible pods lack ar… there are numerous varieties of black-eyed peas and beans peas... Grow best in slightly acid, well-drained soils and legal never known just how nutritious they low. Peas so it 's right up there with `` gone with the wind ''. And best grown as a child trellising unless grown in Alberta and are a significant source of protein vitamins... Of great knowledge and little known facts were imparted here like young scarlet beans. Some people love mushy peas while others do n't have an online?! Carling, the poem was published in a dried form but are sometimes sold in.!