While zoos are somewhat regulated and require licences, there are no further Administrative Orders governing best practice and guidelines for animal welfare. The departments and representatives identified in the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 and in the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act assist with the consideration of animal welfare issues at high government level in the Philippines. Fur farming is inherently cruel and causes pain, distress and suffering to animals. PAWS Animal Rehabilitation Center (PARC) Aurora Blvd. The use of animal testing for cosmetic products and their ingredients does not appear to be restricted in legislation. Section 6 of the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 provides that it shall be unlawful for any person to torture any animal, or to neglect to provide adequate care, sustenance or shelter, or maltreat any animal or to subject any dog or horse to fights, to kill or cause or procure to be tortured or deprived of adequate care, sustenance or shelter, or maltreat or use an animal in research or experiments not expressly authorised by the Committee on Animal Welfare. Under this order, an animal is defined as any living being that has feelings and the power of voluntary motion. While it is commendable that the Philippine Government has an active relationship with CITES and has both a national and regional Wildlife Management Committee, there is no animal welfare representation on either. Section 2 of the Act requires that certificates of registration are obtained by anyone involved with the commercial use of animals (including in pet shops, kennels and veterinary clinics), and such certificates will only be issued upon proof, and on condition, that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain and suffering to the animals. Anti-cruelty provisions for wildlife including exotic species sit under Section 27 of the Wildlife Resources and Protection Act (2001). 19  of 2006 governs the transport of live animals by road and explicitly states the considerations of the Five Freedoms. Â. Administrative Order No. 10 of 2005, penalties for breach of the law are aligned with the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to extend Administrative Order No. Section 7 states that no dog or cat should be displayed for more than 14 days but does not provide direction as to what should happen to those animals after the 14-day period. The Act names cattle, pigs, goats, sheep, poultry, rabbits, carabaos, horses, deer and crocodile as species that are addressed under the humane slaughter provisions. There is also no indication in the law of any interaction between the Wildlife Management Committees and the Committee on Animal Welfare. Group activity workshop of the participants of the Consultation Meeting on the Creation of GAHP Inspection Checklist for Poultry held in Cebu City on May 29-31, 2017. Animal welfare organizations are concerned with the health, safety and psychological wellness of individual animals. Furthermore, there is a lack of clarity regarding the use of “scientific research”, meaning there is no differentiation between research into a species’ ecology and taking wildlife for research for cosmetics and their ingredients for example. 15 embeds the Five Freedoms. Order No. Similarly, a number of issues of humane population control of stray/roaming dogs and cats are not covered. AHWD Staff conducting a regular meeting with some swine breeder practitioners in the Philippines. Beyond the Animal Welfare Act of 1998 and Administrative Order No. The volunteer-based organization rehabilitates these animals in the hope of finding them new homes and […] Efforts should be made to release animals into their natural habitat. 8 of 1999, there are further Administrative Orders governing the use of animals in some forms of entertainment. 40 of 1999. 6 of 2013  regarding rodeos states that the maintenance of a high standard of husbandry, care, transport and handling as well as the physical health and welfare of all animals is the concern of both organisers of these events as well as participants. However, regardless of the resulting condition to the animal/s, the penalty of two (2) years and one (1) day to three (3) years and/or a fine not exceeding Two hundred fifty thousand pesos (P250,000.00) shall be imposed if the offense is committed by any of the following: (1) a syndicate; (2) an offender who makes business out of cruelty to an animal; (3) a public officer or employee; or (4) where at least three (3) animals … It is also prohibited to kill wild animals, with limited exceptions including when it is done as part of the religious rituals of established tribal groups or indigenous cultural communities. However, no detail of such Protocol has been provided. Additionally, section 4 makes it the duty of any transport owner or operator to provide adequate, clean and sanitary facilities for safe transport, together with sufficient food and water for animals in transit for more than 12 hours or whenever necessary. In the Philippines, there are active animal protection organisations working to address animal welfare issues concerning companion animals and they are represented on the Committee on Animal Welfare. Katipunan Valley, Loyola Heights, Quezon City, Philippines 1108 ***ALL VISITS ARE BY APPOINTMENT ONLY. • The Government is strongly urged to develop Administrative Orders with regulations aligned to OIE standards for other farm animal species including cattle and wild farmed species. Accredit breeder farms, swine centers and providers, and animal technicians in accordance with Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP). In the Philippines, animal welfare legislation is made up of the Animal Welfare Act (1998), the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001) and a large number of supporting Administrative Orders regulating many processes and facilities that affect animal lives, such as farm animal transport and pet shops. The Act does not define which animals are protected by this provision, but Section 1 states that the purpose of the Act is to protect and promote the welfare of all animals by regulating facilities using animals as objects of trade or as household pets. Furthermore, the Government of the Philippines is strongly encouraged to ban cruel practices such as fur farming, keeping wild animals as pets and long-distance transport of animals. Therefore, animals should be unconscious before being bled, and no further processing should occur until irreversible loss of consciousness is confirmed. Provide technical assistance (e.g. While the experiment approval committees are asked to consider the 3 Rs Principles in their decision-making, there is no onus on researchers to consider the 3 Rs Principles or animal welfare in designing their experiments. 41 of 2000 but has no requirement for anaesthetic. Dog and horse fighting are banned outright in the Animal Welfare Act (1998), whereas cockfighting is not. 9147 of 2001, the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act, makes provisions to protect endangered species of wild animals and regulate the collection and trade of wildlife. A veterinarian of AHWD conducting an inspection to an Animal Facility for Animal Welfare Accreditation. Both the Department of Agriculture and the Bureau of Animal Industry have a wide-reaching influence through the farming industry and food business in the country. It is the purpose of this Act to protect and promote the welfare of all animals in the Philippines by supervising and regulating the establishment and operations of all facilities utilized for breeding, maintaining, keeping, treating or training … Established by several animal welfare groups in the country in 2006, AWC is passionate about proper pet care, animal control, and fighting the dog meat trade. The Animal Kingdom Foundation, a non-profit animal welfare NGO, on the other hand, has a more active approach to combating animal cruelty and eliminating the practice of illegal slaughtering of dogs. • The Government is urged to mandate the use of the most humane techniques for euthanasia, according to the species concerned, in order to prevent distress to the animals. There are basic provisions on housing such as space, shelter and ventilation (section 3.1.9). There is significant animal suffering involved in cockfighting and keeping marine mammals in captive conditions. The order requires the attendance of two Animal Welfare Marshalls at each event as well as an inspection of all animals by a qualified veterinarian. This includes rodeos, horse racing, circuses and other travelling shows and cock-fighting. • Recognising that the psychological and behavioural needs of marine mammals cannot be met in captivity, the Government is strongly encouraged to ban the keeping, display and breeding of marine mammals in captivity so that these animals constitute the last generation in captivity in the country. However, there are no guidelines for an appropriate length of rest time, weight of carriage nor temperature parameters. Select up to four countries and then select 'Compare' to start contrasting animal welfare standards. Follow Us on Facebook! The signing of the Memorandum of Agreement between the Bureau of Animal Industry and some participating State Universities and Colleges of the Philippines for Animal Health held at the Animal Health Training and Information Center on April 21, 2017. There are no structural barriers to improving animal welfare and prohibiting cruelty to animals under the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. 12 of 2002, beak and spur trimming are permitted. Administrative Order No. However, this act also allows for wildlife farming, export and killing of wildlife under certain conditions without directions or limitations considering the ability of wild animals to suffer both physically and mentally. Couple who cut open pregnant dog charged with animal cruelty. 21 (2003), pet animals are defined at “domestic, domesticated and captive-bred animals intended for protection, utility, companionship, therapy, values formation and breeding”. 15 of 2001, to address the welfare of working animals, aligning with OIE standards. Administrative Order No. The Committee on Animal Welfare is responsible for the development of guidelines and standards for animal care. Such establishments are required to be managed by qualified staff, who are able to undertake behavioural observation to ensure that no pain or suffering is experienced by the animals (section 3.2.3). Section 15 allows for the collection and utilization of wildlife for scientific research; however, it does not limit or clarify what type of scientific research is allowed under the Act. The Committee on Animal Welfare is responsible for the development of guidelines and standards for animal care. There is some evidence of any barriers to improving animal welfare related to the OIE’s guiding principles and animal welfare standards in the Philippines, for example, because of the ongoing issues regarding management of stray cat and dog populations. This goal assesses whether animal sentience has been recognised in legislation and explores the core legislative protections granted to animals, such as the prohibition of animal cruelty. There are no enforcement mechanisms relevant to this indicator. 21 also provides provisions which will result in improved animal welfare at point of slaughter such as the banning of sticks, metal pipes, clubs, pointed objects or gates (2.2.1/2) to move livestock. It promotes adopting instead of buying pets in … However, the Act does not prohibit some cruel activities, for example cockfighting. The Philippine Government has an active relationship with CITES and there is a mandate for CITES Management Authorities within the Wildlife Resources and Conservation Protection Act (2001). Administrative Order No. She must also be able to rise to a standing position in one movement and be able to stand comfortably. Of 1999 provides some more detailed rules on the registration of facilities including hog farms, poultry farms, slaughterhouses, stock farms and stockyards, although it only applies to farms where the temperature cannot be controlled within set limits (so would not apply to indoor temperature-controlled housing). Aviaries are required to be managed by qualified staff who are able to undertake behavioural observation to ensure that no pain or suffering is experienced by the animals (section 3.2.3). 10631] AN ACT AMENDING CERTAIN SECTIONS OF REPUBLIC ACT NO. However, this requires prior approval by the relevant meat inspection authority and is subject to the authority’s conditions and restrictions. However, whilst facilities may be registered the environment provided for animals in some zoos in the Philippines has attracted international concern  and there have been recommendations for standards to be improved. 25 of 2007 . Culling is unnecessary, cruel and has been proven to be ineffective. The OIE has worked with the Philippine Government in recent years on disease control and on rabies vaccination in stray dog populations. SECTION 1. The Act aligns with CITES conservation status and proactively differentiates between animal species with different status. Section 2 of the Animal Welfare Act (1998) requires that certificates of registration are obtained by anyone involved with the commercial use of animals (including in zoos), and such certificates will only be issued upon proof, and on condition, that the facilities will not be used for, nor will they cause, pain and suffering to the animals. 12 of 2002. • The Government of the Philippines is strongly encouraged to review all Administrative Orders relating to farm animals to ensure they align with OIE standards or better. The Government of the Philippines is recommended to align all animal welfare legislation and jurisdictions under one government department with enough resources for education, enforcement and to continue to improve animal welfare. The Order provides minimum recommendations for housing and shelter, including farrowing crate dimensions for pig’s dependant on weight. Due to the significant animal welfare concerns associated with long distance transport, the Government of the Philippines is strongly urged to ban the export of live animals for long distances (i.e. It is prohibited to inflict injury that cripples and/or impairs the reproductive systems of wild animals, or otherwise to maltreat or inflict injuries to wild animals. Administrative Order No 8. All of them have been through cruelty, neglect, and pain. In relation to the standards that are covered, the legislation generally does not provide sufficient detail to reach the level of the OIE’s standards. Both departments run separate committees such as the Committee of Animal Welfare (Department of Agriculture) and the National Committee on Wildlife Management (Department of Environment and Natural Resources); however, there is no suggestion that these two committees work together to ensure animal welfare protections for all animals under their jurisdictions. Under the order, small companion animals are defined as dogs, cats, birds, small reptiles and other animals that can be kept in the household. WE DO NOT HAVE BRANCHES ANYWHERE ELSE. 9 of 2011, while regulating the methods of euthanasia for companion animals, allows it to be undertaken for the purpose of animal population control (Section 5.2.c), however it is stipulated that it is only to be undertaken by a licensed veterinarian. Carbon Dioxide or Barbiturates, by species. Sections 3 and 4 of the Animal Welfare Act (1998) cover issues related to the transportation of animals. It is stated that the killing of animals “shall be done through humane procedure at all times” where “humane procedures shall mean the use of the most scientific methods available as may be determined and approved by the Committee”.Section 6 also addresses the use of animals in research, but this legislation does not cover all the issues covered by the animal welfare standards. Under Administrative Order No. Administrative Order 8 of 1999 on registration of facilities reiterates that certificates can be revoked for failure to comply, and also provides for imprisonment of between six months and two years and/or a fine (sections 5 and 7). over eight hours) and replace it with a meat only trade. The OIE Animal Welfare Standards focus on transport, slaughter, production systems (beef cattle, broiler chickens, dairy cattle, pigs), stray dog population control, the use of animals in research and education, and working equids. Some of the issues covered in the OIE animal welfare standards and guiding principles are included in the Animal Welfare Act of 1998. 21 all puppies shall be properly vaccinated before sale, and all dogs and cats are to be identified through either microchipping or tattoo. Section 4.3.2 further embeds the Five Freedoms by clarifying that natural behaviours of animals should not be curtailed. 14 of 2004  provides rules and regulations for kennels, which, like other Administrative Orders from the Bureau of Animal Industry, embeds the Five Freedoms for animals in this type of facility. Some wild animal species such as camels, saltwater crocodiles and Philippine deer are excluded from the provisions under Act No. An expression of support for the UDAW demonstrates a government’s commitment to working with the international community to improve animal welfare. NEWS & EVENTS: RESOURCES: CAREERS. The Animal Welfare Act of 1998 sets a foundation for protecting animal welfare and the issues associated with the suffering of animals in the Philippines. Tail Docking and teeth clipping is also allowed under Administrative Order No. This country's score has worsened since 2014. Its aim was to prevent future animal losses for communities whose farm animals were suffering in Haiyan’s aftermath through lack of shelter and protection. 32 of 2000  regarding dog shows states that shows must adhere to the Five Freedoms. The Order includes provisions on prohibited acts during travel, as well as protections during hot and cold weather. While there are many aspects to Philippine law that have a positive effect on animal welfare, this is not equal across all animal species. Phoenix Animal Welfare, Adoption & Education Center Visit the Shelter. • The Government of the Philippines is strongly encouraged to promote humane dog population management, which relies on promoting responsible ownership, mass dog vaccinations and reproduction control programmes. The Department of Agriculture-Regional Field Office (DA-RFO) 4 held its Regional PhilAHIS Conference last July 11, OIE - World Organization for Animal Health, Department of Environment and Natural Resources. The destruction of said habitat shall be considered as a form of cruelty to animals and its preservation is a way of protecting the animals”. The anti-cruelty provision in section 6 does not extend protection to wild animals (unless captive) as they protected under the Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act (2001). 40 of 1999 on Rules and Regulations on the Conduct of Scientific Procedures using Animals has limited application as animals used for clinical testing for veterinary products are exempt from the requirements of the order and the definition of “animal” is limited to vertebrate (both wild and domestic). • The Government of the Philippines is strongly encouraged to ban inherently cruel practices such as cockfighting and the use of culling as an animal population management tool. Euthanasia with gas is authorised. However, the Philippines is a consumer, source and transit point for the illegal wildlife trade which is valued at an estimated US$1billion a year.  While the Government has taken steps to curb the illegal wildlife trade which will have an impact on animal welfare for wild animals, animal welfare does not appear to be a main priority. 32 also include a ban on dogs being kept in vehicles (even with air-conditioning) and general anti-cruelty measures including neglect. The signing of the Memorandum of Agreement between the Bureau of Animal Industry and some participating State Universities and Colleges of the Philippines for Animal Health held at the Animal Health Training and Information Center on April 21, 2017. There are no enforcement mechanisms included in Administrative Order No. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to align jurisdiction for animal welfare for all animals under one Ministry with resources for public education, enforcement, research and investigation. Captive breeding of wild animal species should only serve conservation purposes and should abide by strict welfare conditions. While the order states good animal welfare is important for the direct economic benefits, it also acknowledges that good welfare will lead to in improvement in the quality of life for pigs. They run animal shelters and rescues across the country including TNR and Dr. Dog. Adopt a Cat from Kath. The Animal Welfare Act of 1998 guarantees that any facility commercially using animals can only be licenced if they do not cause suffering to animals. Punishments vary depending on if a species is threatened, vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered. The order also states that there must be a minimum of two veterinarians at each show and that the show area and paraphernalia must not cause distress, injury or physical discomfort to the dogs. Administrative Order No. There are no enforcement mechanisms for failure to adhere to animal welfare law or duty of care of these facilities to animals under Administrative Order No. • The Government of the Philippines is encouraged to promote and provide resources for responsible pet ownership, relying on mandatory vaccinations and neutering programmes. Further legal and policy recommendations are associated with each Animal Protection Index (API) indicator and contained in the relevant sections of this report. The final phase of the ‘Improved Animal Welfare Programme’ in the Philippines was completed in May 2013. As with many other animal related administrative orders, Order No. Develop and maintain various breed registry databases and animal identification/traceability systems. The Philippine Zoos & Aquariums Association is an active member of the Southeast Asian Zoos & Aquariums Association and they work closely with the Department for Environment and Natural Resources, Department of Agriculture – Bureau of Animal Industry, Department of Agriculture – Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources and Department of Tourism. This Act also covers exotic species that are in captivity under its anti-cruelty provisions. 18 of 2008  provides provisions for slaughterhouses and other similar facilities in the humane handling of animals for slaughter. However, there are serious barriers associated with some cultural and societal practices in the Philippines. PAWS is a registered non-profit organization in the Philippines dedicated to the protection and the promotion of humane treatment of all animals. 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