... Mediterranean Garden Trees. Starflower needs sun and heat to get going, so don't set one out until summer arrives. The Mediterranean climate is so agreeable that seating areas are essential. Aloe variegata, the partridge-breasted aloe or triangular aloe, is instantly recognisable by its characteristic triple file of thick upright leaves. Aloe aristata forms an open rosette of dark green leaves with white spotting on all the leaf surfaces and small bristles along the leaf margins, hence its common name of Lace Aloe. In a talk to the Greek Branch, The Mediterranean Garden editor, Caroline Harbouri, provided answers to all the practical questions you might have about container gardening and included a list of tried and tested plants for pots. It is a very appealing little plant superficially resembling Aloe humilis until flowering time, when it shows its distinctive brush of orange-red flowers with markedly exerted styles. An injured root is prone to rot after watering. Gardeners everywhere endeavour to find ways to continue their contact with the green and living world, even as climate change brings about altered conditions that impose new boundaries and the prospect of growing fewer of the plants we enjoy brings its own feelings of loss and sadness. Watering by hand has the advantage that you can assess each plant’s needs individually, day by day. A layer of small gravel or pebbles over the surface of the potting soil looks attractive and offers an extra degree of drainage around the rot-sensitive crown where the thick succulent roots join the rosettes of succulent leaves. Deadhead the spent flowers for a tidy plant and more blooms. Type Tender perennial (usually grown as an annual) Blooms White, pink or red flowers top shiny foliage spring through frost Light Full sun to full shade Size 12 to 18 in. Cacti with nodular roots such as Leuchtenbergia, some Mammillaria, Pterocactus etc. Garden writer Sarah Guest started this process when she gave us our first stem cutting years ago, just as the handful of houseleeks she gave us even earlier initiated our quest for succulents. You can cut back almost all shrubby plants for a better shape or to reduce their height (but – if you grow them – avoid cutting into the old wood of lavenders and rosemary, which tends to cause die-back). A brief over-view of this small group of clustering plants might serve to encourage mediterranean gardeners to add these little treasures once more to their gardens, either as pot plants or as inhabitants of rocky places where there is some shelter from the full force of the summer sun at midday. There is a multitude of plants which will grow successfully in pots, mostly the sub-tropicals like Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (Chinese Hibiscus) from Asia and Brunfelsia pauciflora (Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow) from Brazil. Only a masochist would try and steal it – or so we thought. There are proprietary poisons for ants but since I don’t use them I can’t advise on them. In the same way, I grew our enormous Furcraea foetida (syn. Aloe melanacantha is a relative newcomer alongside the three old familiars above. Olive. http://www.gardengatemagazine.com/articles/containers/all/meet-8-of-the-best-container-plants/, Container Plants You Don't Have to Deadhead. tall and wide Hardiness Cold hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11. It also deters the blackbirds who can create havoc with my bulbs, cyclamens and delicate emerging shoots as they excavate for worms. Another year we returned to the more subdued but very beautiful widow iris (Iris tuberosa,syn. It is a mountain in the Schwangau region of Bavaria so maybe the name is a reference to this ‘family-friendly’ (according to the local tourism association) recreation site. All the plants on the roof terrace are in plastic pots (I do hate plastic pots and would much prefer terracotta but, given that I have a great many plants, I had to take into account the very substantial difference in weight between plastic and terracotta, grit my teeth and go for plastic). Mediterranean style gardens heavily feature pots and containers, with terracotta being a prominent element. Any plant list for a Mediterranean style garden would include Trees such as Olive Trees, Lemon and Orange Trees, Grape vines. Of course there are always exceptions such as Astrophytum, Ariocarpus, Copiapoa, Aztekium, Lophophora and generally the more susceptible cacti which need less water than other plants and should be watered only every 15 days or even less frequently. Principal among this group of under-appreciated plants are the small-growing succulents, and the dwarf aloes in particular. If they are healthy and there is no sign of any infestation of insects, plant again in a slightly larger pot without disturbing the existing soil. Nature cannot be replicated however when they are cultivated in pots, indeed the plants become more sensitive and vulnerable to adverse conditions and diseases, so the gardener must be extra careful and observant. Greeks and Romans filled terracotta pots with bright flowering plants to add colour to paths and courtyards. A lovely plant but so far hard to obtain if you can’t buy it from the locals making pocket money along the roadsides. They are never dug up by mistake or overwhelmed by a stronger plant and its roots. Colorful Windowbox Plantings, It doesn’t get any easier than New Guinea impatiens… just plant them, keep them watered, and enjoy the show until frost finally zaps them. Carefully controlled intra-specific breeding is rescuing a species critically rare in its habitat around Witwatersberg and Pretoria. Numerous heat-loving and drought-tolerant plants can be found here, as well as large architectural plantings, such as palms, bay topiary, and tree ferns. The old leaves turn papery and silvery as they age and dry out, while the leaf tips take on the appearance of being white-awned as they become dry. There are also ranges from white, cream, orange to red to choose from. Container gardening is an excellent way to grow Mediterranean plants in your garden. Rules for repotting cacti and succulents: Choosing a soil mix for potting cacti and succulents is quite complicated. Perfect for creating a lush, tropical look, canna offers large leaves (variegated in many varieties) and glowing flowers in shades of red, orange, yellow, and pink. It grows so profusely that I’ve been cutting it back quite regularly. have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. We have allowed them to crumble and fade, resembling the pink stucco on old Venetian villas in Corfu. Persian shield also has pale blue blossoms in late summer or fall — you can leave them or pinch them off. I thus take care to tuck it well under the shade of larger plants in July and August, and make sure that it has a saucer beneath its pot to keep it damp. How much water your pots will need and how often they will need watering depends on the type and size of plant, their exposure (full sun, partial shade, shade) and the weather conditions (temperature, wind). A pine up high, beneath the ornamental grapevine, began life as a bonsai many years ago (it has not been repotted since our previous garden and just manages to survive). Both these plants are from New Zealand and thrive in the back courtyard which faces south and is never too hot in summer. For additional reports and articles on this subject please check out the (non-responsive) MGS Archive. We cut back this vigorous climber in winter, ensuring maximum light for a profusion of bright orange flowers to follow. And every few weeks, snip off a few stems here and there to stimulate side branches — and more flowers. 63 January 2011, Notes on growing cacti and succulents in containers Until recently, we were proud of our Puya alpestris (acquired from Mt. I alter watering technique from one to another. There is little sunshine in winter, but adequate light. It is worth every drop, however, for its tall spikes of sky-blue and white flowers, much loved by bees, and its fresh green, rather mint-like, leaves. Its flowering season in spring is fairly short, but for the rest of the year, cut back a little, it makes a neat, quiet, grey-green mound that always looks good. Having said that, it is always worth experimenting with any plant that you’d really like to grow…. These are the best container plants. The numerous pinkish-red flowers may still be opening atop the stem when the lower, fertilised flowers develop mature fruits. Plants in plastic pots will need slightly less water than those in clay pots and care must be taken not to over-water them. narrower at the bottom, swelling out in the middle then narrower again at the top: when the time comes for re-potting your plant, it will prove impossible to get it out of a rounded pot without breaking the pot. tall, 18 to 24 in. by Caroline Harbouri, extracted from TMG No. This too is cut back to soil level every winter, but luckily snails don’t seem to be very interested in it. It disappeared on New Year’s Eve (during the day) when David and I were walking in Sherbrooke Forest! Resistant to the elements, these heavy cement outdoor planters remain firmly in place for adding greenery to a terrace or balcony. Plants placed in a partly shaded setting on a terrace or patio will attract honey-eating birds when they flower in winter, giving the endless pleasure of watching them as they hover above the nectar-dripping flowers. Ants ‘farm’ aphids for their sticky honeydew. Mediterranean containers. must be watered with care approximately every 15 days because there is a particular risk of their roots rotting. Arborvitae (Thuja) An evergreen as the centerpiece of a container garden is elegant, classic, and … Terracotta versus plastic pots: terracotta pots look nicer and ‘breathe’, but plastic pots are much lighter when weight is a consideration on balconies and roof terraces. OVERHEAD SHADE. Again, winter flowering is the norm and the tubular and somewhat campanulate flowers are also red; flowering occurs when plants are mature, around 5-7 years from seedling stage. Many typically Mediterranean plants such as lavender are not well suited to cultivation in pots. Its beautiful leaves make it interesting enough to grow as a single specimen or with loads of other annuals. Type Tender perennial (usually grown as an annual) Blooms White, blue, purple, pink or red late spring through frost Light Full sun Size 4 to 30 in. Avoid pots with rounded sides, i.e. But check first that the leaf-yellowing is not due to over-watering. I have never observed branched flower stems. We grow plants we have seen in the wild in Greece, tracked down at specialist nurseries such as Marcus Harvey’s “Hill View Rare Plants”, Stephen Ryan’s “Dicksonia Rare Plants”, “Sanung Keban Collectable Plants” et al. Peat is in any case an unsustainable product and should thus be avoided. Some flower in winter/spring, others in autumn, and most need a dry dormant period, so they can be hidden away, protected from the hottest sun. This summer it has been afflicted by scale insect (the only one of the salvias I grow to suffer from any pest), which I have treated by personal attention: I remove the horrid creatures by hand and wipe the affected stems with cotton wool soaked in a soap solution to which a few drops of pharmaceutical alcohol have been added. The aim is to allow the plant to dry out quickly. The most common mediterranean pots material is ceramic. If I could grow only one salvia, then this would be it. Hermodactylus tuberosus) in flower. Pots of bamboo make excellent additions to the Mediterranean garden too. The closely-packed leaves can be susceptible to rot induced by winter rains standing too long in the crown of the plant. Active Interest Media Holdco, Inc. © Copyright 2021. For this reason I grow many hellebores which are undemanding (but they do need a deep pot) and have the advantage of attractive foliage as well as a long flowering season in the colder months. Wormwood. Even though the billowy flowers slow during the heat of summer, they come barreling back as the weather cools. Other than shade, the most important thing to remember about New Guinea impatiens is to keep them watered — their fleshy stems and leaves droop the instant the soil gets dry. Bougainvilleas, bearing in mind that the classic magenta-coloured one is most resistant to frost. I have a great liking for the velvety, chenille-like texture of its flowers. tall and wide Hardiness Cold hardy in USDA zones 10 to 11. A mix for these plants can contain a little ready-made cactus soil, fine perlite, pumice, Kanuma, Kiryu, Akadama, lava, scallop shells and cuttlefish bones. The genus Uebelmannia prefers to continue being sprayed rather than watered, while grey-coloured Copiapoa (e.g. By ‘breathing’ I mean that terracotta pots, being porous, lose moisture by evaporation from their sides, making the soil within them less likely to become dank and stagnant. Gravel and stone - most Mediterranean gardens centre on gravel and warm-toned paving, although terraced levels using stone walls with lawns and clipped forms are also common.See below for how to create a gravel garden. David, my husband, salvaged concrete bricks from building sites to build rising platforms which were capped with old slate hearth stones, rendered and painted Venetian pink. Remember to check the undersides of leaves. Easy propagation from cuttings is a bonus of the shrubby begonias, of which I have a few. Wet soil can be fatal, so let plants dry out between waterings. In a small container, the upright spikes of summer-blooming angelonia could be a focal point. CANARY ISLAND FOXGLOVE (Isoplexis canariensis) 6. The restriction of a pot prevents the plant from making its deep roots. David’s verdict was always that it was far too large for our modest courtyard. As you plant, make sure all of the companions in your container like the same conditions. 43 January 2006, Wildlife Gardening for Balconies and Gardens It is somewhat tender, so that a couple of years ago Sally Razelou gave me her (then) only precious S. discolor in a pot for me to over-winter for her, feeling that central Athens would be warmer than Sparoza. Aloe humilis is readily recognised by its silver-blue leaves, almost cylindrical in cross section, tapering narrowly at the apex and also slightly incurving. Pinch it back. Many geraniums have a “zone” marked off on the center of each leaf. Some I use as a dramatic feature, such as Senecio jacobsenii, which spills out of a mosaic wall planter and turns a rich dark red, picking up this colour in the mosaic work. ‘Cristo Rey’, which was bred in Wollongong, New South Wales, has its own microclimate in our front courtyard. A couple of days in moist soil is enough for the plant to get what it needs for its development. One year we returned from Europe to a massive Ferula communis (giant fennel) in flower to welcome us home, having seen fields of it in Greece and Italy in preceding months. As a general guide, these plants require free-draining soils, whether grown in the garden or cultivated in pots. In bad cases, cut off and destroy affected shoots and/or spray with a soap or washing-up liquid solution to which a few drops of pharmaceutical alcohol are added. We place a layer of gravel/grit in the bottom of the pot before we fill it with potting mix. Type Tender perennial (usually grown as an annual) Blooms Iridescent purple leaves; insignificant blue flowers in late summer or fall Light Full sun to full shade Size 18 to 36 in. A plant I admired on the same Adelaide trip was another tropical plant, the red-flowered Iochroma (I. coccineum) which Ruth Irving proudly pointed out at Al-Ru farm. Type Tender perennial (usually grown as annual) Blooms White, lavender, pink, orange or red blooms from spring to fall Light Full sun Size 5 to 24 in. On busy days this job can be done at night (with our outdoor lighting) – a pleasant chore in very hot weather. One advantage of container plants is that potting mixes can be varied according to plants’ individual needs. More plants die from over-watering than from under-watering. All our plants are hardy to -5C, but in extreme weather the pots should be brought indoors or covered with fleece. In fact I suspect that, unless fairly well watered in the garden, it may actually look better growing densely and lushly in a pot – in Monterey I saw it in many gardens but noted that it always seemed a bit straggly and meagre-looking. It has potential as an attractive and compact aloe, especially for rock-strewn sites and soils where it is at home growing in cracks and crannies. But you can also ornament your garden with Italian cypress in containers. Growing Plants in Pots by Caroline Harbouri. tall, 18 to 72 in. But some true mediterranean plants can survive quite happily and many of the native bulbs can be enjoyed each spring if kept in pots. Rules of watering cacti and succulents: Repotting container-grown cacti and succulents Flowers are an additional bonus in the case of our cannas, with structural bronze leaves remaining all year (in warmer winters than the one just passed). by Trevor Nottle reprinted from TMG No. Hardy Mediterranean garden plants include the date palm, of a size that makes it perfect for a balcony or patio, and the sweet-smelling oleander with its white, pink or red flowers. I brought my S. discolor down from my roof terrace last year to over-winter it in the more sheltered conditions of the courtyard. The set of two Corner Terrazzo Planters includes a matching pair of pots with a Mediterranean style. It is not hard to grow as long as the soil is well drained. In Melbourne, I use Maxicrop or Seasol, not only as a food but as a tonic when plants are not doing too well. Offsets are produced sparingly and slowly so propagation by seed is often the preferred method of increase. With Lithops, in my opinion it is always preferable to spray rather than water. If the pot is too big, there is a large volume of soil from which water is not taken by the roots and which thus remains deprived of oxygen and stagnant or even waterlogged, causing the plant to do badly or die. In dry weather the rosettes will close up somewhat, the outer leaves and also the leaf tips drying up. A plant palate that is in tune with the environment's limitations helps to minimize water and maintenance needs. Home / Plants / Mediterranean For Landscape enquiries please call 01279 792869 for a full quote Show 9 per page 12 per page 18 per page 30 per page The best course of action is to make your own mix which you know will not hold water and moisture for longer than two days. If you install drip irrigation, choose the output from each dripper according to the plant’s needs (e.g. The common name comes from the flower petals that are arranged like fans. Container gardening – what plants to grow and how to care for them, The photograph at the top of this page shows elegant flower pots at Palacio de Viana, Cordoba (Photo Alisdair Aird). Plant These Beauties for a Mediterranean Garden That’ll Thrive in the West. In this category are Cyclamen creticum which we see in the gorges in Crete, along with Cretan dittany (Origanum dictamnus), the horned poppy (Glaucium flavum), the little bearded iris, Iris pumila, and deliciously aromatic Satureja thymbra, summer savory, which brings back memories of the Greek light. Salvia farinacea Type Tender perennial (usually grown as an annual) Blooms Shades of The square stems characteristic of salvias are very apparent, with pronounced joints. To my eye there is nothing very farinaceous about ‘Victoria’ but the white-flowered plant has a floury look which makes me immediately understand its common name of Mealy Sage. This was a terrible responsibility: I anxiously checked it daily, frightened lest I let it die and had to face Sally’s wrath. It is a wonderfully handsome plant, the very prince of salvias, with pale undersides to its matt green leaves, white stems and fine black flowers in pale jade-green calyces. They can be moved to the shade in summer or to the sunny front garden in winter. Components of the soil mix can be: sand, perlite, a little leaf mould, a little peat, red soil, pumice stone, broken shells, cuttlefish bones, various Japanese soils such as Akadama, Kanuma, Kiryu and many others. When plants have their quiet period they can be hidden away. by Caroline Davies, extracted from TMG No. Aloe krapohliana, hailing from the very arid mining region north-west of the Cape of Good Hope, is as attractive as it is poorly understood in cultivation. tall, 15 to 18 in. The exception is dormant plants which are placed on shelves behind the scenes or on the balconies. Type Tender perennial, grown as annual Blooms Flowers in shades of blue, violet, white, yellow, red, orange, peach, bronze or pink from spring through fall Light Full sun to part shade Size 6 to 10 in. Fill in gaps with grasses and … Most of these rhododendrons grow as epiphytes in their native habitats, which means that root confinement in a container is no problem at all. Its new growth in spring seems to be particularly attractive to snails, so that regular night patrols with a torch are indicated. Many mediterranean gardeners do not have the luxury of a plot of land for a garden and are confined to growing plants on a balcony, paved yard or a roof terrace. I’ve never grown this salvia in the ground – in a pot it likes a lot of water (to be expected, since it is commonly called the Bog Sage). The most popular color? They can flower up to three times a year – often at different times in different years, so there is no predictability… This year, ‘Pindi Pearl’ began to flower in early June and its scented flowers have continued in abundance through September. These plants can become as addictive as succulents. In contrast to all other plants, cacti and succulents must be left dry for six to eight days after being transplanted to avoid the danger of root rot. Salvia elegans Our variegated form of the Australian native Dianella tasmanica came from Rachel Howell (Rosevears, Tasmania) a number of years ago before it was stocked by general nurseries. When repotting cacti and succulents remove the plant carefully from the old pot and check the state of the roots. Occasionally snip the tips of the stems back a couple of inches to keep the vine under control. Versatile enough for use inside or out, our wide-mouth vessels are constructed in durable polyester resin, styrene and fiberglass. Where space is limited on a terrace, climbers are a great solution, grown on wires or trellises: Don’t forget annual climbers, easy to grow from seed. Why do we have a pot garden? However there is one basic requirement for any soil mix: it must have such good drainage that it will have dried out within a day or two of watering. As an experiment with our grass tree (. Nov 26, 2016 - Explore Sean O'Hara's board "plants for mediterranean climate gardens", followed by 155 people on Pinterest. I very much like its large rich dark purple flowers with dramatic near-black calyces growing through the foliage and pink trumpets of a neighbouring Podranea ricasoliana. Most commercially grown cacti and succulents are potted in peat and should be repotted immediately. Climbers scrambling freely over walls, dappled shade from vine-clad rustic pergolas, and terracotta pots filled with zingy flowers all contribute to the mood. Diamond Frost® is the standard white. To my haphazard way of thinking about things, it seems handy to progress from the most frequently found to the more infrequently seen species. Brugmansias (commonly sold as daturas: properly speaking, brugmansias have pendent trumpets and daturas up-turned ones) – wonderfully scented in the evening, Plumbago (sometimes burnt to the soil level by frost but usually comes back in spring). Individual rosettes tend to be larger than those of the above-mentioned aloes and may attain an eventual diameter of 20-25cm. Roots such as Olive Trees, says alan which ones can tolerate the summer advances perhaps on Balconies! Features too bamboo make excellent additions to the sunny front garden in winter to allow the plant ’ verdict! By sprays on the upper part of the Med to your garden with Italian cypress in.... All delighted me, Lemon and orange Trees, Grape vines ( in Greece this is a good player... November, is a self-cleaning plant, are densely packed with dusky red flowers Davies, from... 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