Spectacled Bears (Tremarctos ornatus) also known as the ‘Andean Bears’ are distributed in the Northern Andes Mountains including Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and into Chile. They've also got a strong taste for bromeliads: one local name for the creature, oco achupayero, means "bromeliad-eating bear". The Parictis and Allocyon are the earliest members of the Ursidae that roamed on earth approximately 38 to 18 million years ago. (Same goes for the "short" face, although tremarctine bears do have a broader mug than some of their modern cousins.). The lack of knowledge about spectacled bears in the wild impacts our ability to make conservation decisions or plans. Her initiative was recently announced as a finalist for a Whitley Award, the so-called "Green Oscars" that help fund conservation projects in the developing world. The result? The earliest people to reach North America, perhaps as early as 15,000 years ago, must have found this animal truly frightening. But the species isn't unique just for being the only bruin on a huge continent: it's also the sole remaining representative of a bear family that once encompassed some of the all-out most formidable mammals ever to exist. Males are a third larger than females in dimensions and sometimes twice their weight. The spectacled bears have not been subject to molecular population genetic studies. Extinction of the spectacled bear can destroy the entire ecology of Andes, Rodents, insects, birds, mountain tapir and small cows, "The name “spectacled”, given to the bear, is due to the creamy-white colored line of fur encircling its eyes", "The spectacled bear is under great threat. They are so named for the whitish to yellowish rings that encircle their eyes, resembling large eyeglasses. We wish you Good Health. A. simus without question ranks as one of the biggest terrestrial carnivores of all time, alongside its tremarctine relatives: the South American giant short-faced bear (Arctotherium angustidens) and the huge African short-faced bear (Agriotherium africanum). The famous stories of the Paddington bear written in 1958, was inspired by the spectacled bear found in South America. You, our viewers, are passionate about these stories we tell. But like all bears, this one won't turn up its stubby nose at animal protein. They also have their diet in common. The spectacled bear is an agile climber. Spectacled (or Andean) bears are a vulnerable species seriously threatened by habitat loss, habitat fragmentation and human-wildlife conflict. We're talking about a corner of the ursine family tree called Tremarctinae: the "running bears" or "short-faced bears". The bear family can be divided into three subfamilies: the giant panda (Ailuropodinae), the spectacled bear (Tremarctinae), and the real bears (Ursinae). Their close relative, the giant short-faced bear was the largest species of bear to ever roam on the surface of earth. of North America, the cave bears of Eurasia (e.g., Ursus spelaeus in Europe), various popula- 190 BEARS-THEIR BIOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT tions of brown bears (U. arctos) in Europe, Asia, and North Africa, and the Langebaanweg bear (Agriotherium africanum) of … Their continued survival alongside humans has depended mostly on their ability to climb even the tallest trees of the An… For our growing team of writers and contributors, those are the stories that matter most: we dedicate our time to them all day and every day. Follow him @CutoffMountain. These were small predators, with a major part of their diet … Insects, small mammals, carrion, even the occasional meat on the hoof – cows grazing on mountain pastures, for instance. We're talking cheetahs and American lions (bigger than any modern big cats); the saber-toothed cat Smilodon and "scimitar-toothed" cat Homotherium; running hyenas and dire wolves. Spectacled bears are known to make beds on top of trees to relax. Fossil of the cave bear (Ursus spelaeus), a relative of the brown bear and polar bear from the Pleistocene epoch in Europe. Its quintessential habitat is the cloud forest, that moss-cloaked high jungle that reaches its zenith along the eastern slope of the Cordillera Oriental, between about 3,000 and 9,000 feet. Ein ausgewachsenes männliches Tier erreicht eine Kopf-Rumpf-Länge von 130 bis 190 Zentimeter, eine Schulterhöhe von 70 bis 90 Zentimeter und ein Gewicht von 130 bis 175 Kilogramm; in Ausnahmefällen sind bis 200 Kilogramm möglich. Spectacled bears wear shaggy fur that is black, brown, or sometimes reddish. Der Brillenbär ist ein mittelgroßer Vertreter der Bären. Evolution Spectacled bears and all other bears of the modern world fall under the family Ursidae of the suborder Caniformia. They are generally large, stocky, and powerful animals. The earliest known short-faced bear is the Plionarctos. This most arboreal and herbivorous of bears inhabits a remarkable spread of habitats on the shoulders of the Andes, from the coastal desert of Peru to the cool páramo grasslands above the timberline. Easily romanticised and unquestionably impressive, the giant short-faced bears are plenty dramatic. Spectacled bears are extremely shy and calm in nature. These bears are excellent climbers with short but strong legs. Ursidae are placed in the order Carnivora but, except for the largely carnivorous polar bear, bears are omnivorous, feeding mostly on plant material, insects, fish, and mammals. Spectacled bears of South America. Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. The spectacled bear and its spectacular forebears. The family of Ursinae consists of six different species, all of which have similar external characteristics like strong claws and a robust body. The The well-resolved coalescent species tree appears to be without conflict from genomic data. Bears. This is the only bear species that can be found only in South America in the forests of the Andes Mountains. Several bear species that today only occur in America or in Asia have hybridized in their evolutionary history, researchers have discovered. This species is most succesfull from genus Ursimeles,lives from coast of atlantic ocean to siberian forests. The giant short-faced bear of North America may have tipped the scales at well more than a ton, towering 5.5 feet or more at the shoulder. If you haven't watched it, now's your chance: it's not every day you get to see a bear paying a visit to one of the most iconic archaeological sites in the world (and look out for the llama eyeballing its four-legged competition at about 1:02). Spectacled bears eat a wide variety of foods including rodents, birds, berries, grasses and fruit but their favourite is the Bromeliacae plant. A 2010 journal article suggests omnivory as the sturdiest interpretation of the giants' dietary ways, but it also notes that short-faced bears of northern tundra and grasslands may well have been mainly meat-eaters – and with their scavenging tendencies, they might have benefitted from sharing the landscape with saber-toothed cats. The same controversy exists for A. simus, with a third potential lifestyle thrown into the mix: the omnivorous route taken by all modern ursids save the polar bear. The spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus) is the only member of Ursidae in South America. The short-faced bear spread into South America. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-8018-5789-9. what hypertrophied radial sesamoid in the spectacled bear ( T rem ar ct os or natus ), th us co ntra stin g with the mu ch sm alle r , round and more compact rad ial ses amoid of the remain ing It was necessary to fill the former enclosure with as much useable surface as possible. In the wide-open barrens of those fraught times, a mother grizzly had to defend her cubs from lions, wolves, sabertooths and, yes, short-faced bears. Standing head and shoulders above this roaring and snarling gaggle was A. simus. We're talking better than 14,000 feet of elevational range for the species. The new … The giant short-faced bears of the Americas outsized any other carnivores of their time. Writer Michael Bond wanted Paddington to be a bear from the darkest of Africa. 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