Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the state, while archaeologists discovered civilization in certain parts in the first millennium BC. CULTURE IS THE ART OF LIVING. West Bengal has got a long tradition of popular literature, music and drama. West Bengal has a long-standing tradition of folk drama known as Jatra. Folk songs includeBaul, Murshidi, and Bhatiali, and some of the lyricists include Hason Raja and Abbas Uddin among others. After the fall of the Mughal Empire, the focus of Indian culture and politics shifted from Delhi to Calcutta. The terracotta craft in Bengal started flourishing in the 16th century, when the Bengali culture came in influence of the Vaisnava movement, led by Sri Chaitanya. Music owes its existence to the cultural traditions that grew around the temples. But BJP is protecting the culture of Bengal. And is now celebrated worldwide. Tourist spots in West Bengal are Darjeeling, Toy Train, Cooch Behar Palace, Dooars, Jaldapara National Park, Gorumara National Park, Howrah Bridge, Belur Math Shrine, Botanical Gardens, Victoria Hall. If you wish to watch locals in traditional attire, visit any religious site or visit during festival times. There is a rich tradition of weaving handloom cotton textiles among the tribal and semi-tribal people n the districts of West Dinajpur, Jalpaiguri, Maldah, and Cooch Behar in North Bengal. A bantam bunch comprising of the Santhals can also be traced back to Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, music and dance styles generally fall under the three categories of folk, classical, and modern. Marriage relationships are outside their clan. In this post, I will elaborate on the Patachitra traditions of West Bengal … India west Bengal ,kolkata ,Alipur zoo ,tortoise cage age of all. The city gradually became the capital of British India. RitiRiwaz.com is your one stop guide to the Indian Culture and Traditions. All Rights Reserved. BJP president JP Nadda remarked, "As BJP is a national party, national leaders will also come to Bengal. East Pakistan (East Bengal) rebelled against Pakistani military rule to become the independent republic of Bangladesh, literally “Land of Bengal”, after a war of independence against the Pakistani army in 1971. West Bengal is a diverse state with a lot of cultural and rich traditional backgrounds. The Capitol Kolkata (Calcutta) is called the Cultural capital of India. Patachitra or painting on scrolls refers to the traditional folk art of eastern India, found in the states of West Bengal, Odisha, Bihar and Jharkhand. This tribe habitation is mainly in the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Jharkhand and Assam. While the traditional costume for men is the dhoti, panjabi kurta, sherwani, pajama, and lungi. That is based on Bengali folklore and Hindu epics and Puranas. The culture of West Bengal is considered to be one of the richest cultures in India. The culture of West Bengal is an Indian culture which has its roots in the Bengali literature, music, fine arts, drama and cinema. Patel alleged that there were attempts to obstruct the flagship festival of the Ministry of Tourism and Culture, which is organised annually with the active participation of seven zonal culture centers in the country. Durga Puja. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Guru Ravidas Jayanti 2021 – Wishes, Quotes and Messages, Ash Wednesday – The Season Of Lent Begins, Vasant Panchami 2021 – Wishes, Quotes and Messages, Facts That Will Make You Proud To Be Indian. Lyrics come from the nation’s culture, mysticism, and spirituality. This article lists out the important festivals of West Bengali State. Besides there are other festivals of importance too like Dolyatra, Saraswati Puja, Kojagori Lakshmi Puja, Rath Yatra, Janmashtami, Jagaddhatri Puja, Shivratri, Vishwakarma Puja, Kartik Puja, Raas Yatra, Ganesh Chathurthi, Eid al-Adha (Bakr-Id), Muharram, Buddha Purnima, Poush Parbon, Gajan, Bhai Phonta, Pohela Boishakh, Ganga Sagar Mela. A Bengali wedding ritual and ceremonies that can span several days. The modern Indian languages, such as Hindi, Bengali, T… In most cases, it starts with the Kabin ceremony and ends with the Bou Bhat ceremony and usually, the rituals are classified as the Ghoti and Bangal rituals. The region … We provide you with the information on various aspects of the great Indian culture and its diversity. The people of West Bengal are more popularly known as Bengali's and they speak the Bangla or the Bengali language which belongs to the Indo-Aryan group of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. Bengal played a pivotal role in the Indian freedom movement, many leaders of Indian freedom struggle hailed from Bengal like Chittaranjan Das, Surendranath Banerjea, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Prafulla Chaki, Bagha Jatin, Khudiram Bose, Surya Sen, Binoy–Badal–Dinesh, Sarojini Naidu, Aurobindo Ghosh, Rashbehari Bose, and many others. The area is dominated by the Ganges and the Brahmaputra rivers fertile delta. The capital is Kolkata. Former Union Minister Dinesh Trivedi, who recently quit the Trinamool Congress (TMC), has said the "corruption and violence model" of West Bengal's ruling … Simmi Kamboj is the Founder and Administrator of Ritiriwaz, your one-stop guide to Indian Culture and Tradition. From the north to south of the state, the cultural heritage of West Bengal deserves immense study. The dancing styles in Bangladesh are distinct although som… The geographical diversity of the state itself takes a unique place. In most cases, it starts with the Kabin ceremony and ends with the Bou Bhat ceremony and usually, the rituals are classified as the Ghoti and Bangalrituals. It used to be one of the ways to spread the story of Lord Krishna to people. West Bengal's capital Kolkata—as the former capital of … We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. 1. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Bengal was the richest part of Medieval India, West Bengal has a long tradition of popular literature, music and drama largely based on Bengali folklore and Hindu epics and Puranas. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. We keep on adding new and unique content which make users visit back over and over again. The third largest tribes of India are the Santhal Tribe. In a dig at the ruling TMC, he affirmed that extortion, dictatorship and appeasement is not the "culture" of West Bengal. The traditional dress of the Delhi population has a link with Turko-Persian culture and Turko-Mongol culture. Bengal has a recorded history of 1,400 years. West Bengal is known for its premier sports clubs viz., Royal Calcutta Golf Club, Tollygunge Club, Royal Calcutta Turf Club, Calcutta Rowing Club and Calcutta Cricket and Football Club. Tangra Macher Jhol. Today we get to learn about how babies are introduced to solid food in West Bengal, India – through a traditional ceremony called Mukhe Bhaat.This post is courtesy of Enchanted Schoolroom, a blog that chronicles the after school learning adventures of a working mother with her two young children – a space “where chaos, love, laughter, magic, fun and learning all co-exist”. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The culture of Bengal defines the cultural heritage of the Bengali people native to eastern regions of the Indian subcontinent, mainly what is today Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley, where the Bengali language is the official and primary language. By the 6th century, the Gupta Empire, which ruled over the northern Indian subcontinent had largely broken up and Bengal splintered into various kingdoms, then comes the Mallabhum rule and the Pala Empire. Over the years, the culture of West Bengal has emerged as the perfect blend of modernity &traditions.The sanctity of the Ganges Hooghly, the beauty of Eastern … The people eat a rice and fish . It is made up of the Ganga-Brahmaputra delta system. Bengal has always been the gateway to the eastern parts of the Indian subcontinent. The country’s traditional folk songs are rich with themes such as love. Folk traditions and dances of West Bengal. Goddess Durga: Durga Puja is the one of the most famous festival celebrated in West Bengal, Assam, Tripura. Kolkata the capital of West Bengal is also called the cultural capital of India as it was the birthplace of many Indian literary and artists like Rabindranath Tagore, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Swami Vivekananda, Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Satyajit Ray who made Bengal the face of progress and culture in India. Publisher: Eastern Zonal Cultural Centre, Kolkata Description: The video is a presentation on the various folk traditions and dances of West Bengal.The different folk dances of Bengal are mainly performed during festive, ceremonial and religious events. Addressing a press conference in Burdwan, Nadda said, “The rich culture of Bengal has lost due to the misrule of TMC government. BJP is following the path shown by Aurobindo. In West India, West Bengal is vibrant with multiple festivals held annually. Over the years, the culture of West Bengal has emerged as the perfect blend of modernity and traditions. Ahead of the inaugural ceremony of the Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav on Sunday, Union Tourism Minister Prahlad Patel said that the culture of West Bengal must be preserved. West Bengal, Indian state located in the eastern part of the country. Temporary pandals are raised everywhere to worship goddess Durga. The people living in this north- eastern part of the country have close similarity to that of those in the country Bangladesh. This form of theatre is a musical drama which depicts some story in a melodious manner even while acting it out on stage. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Later Bengal came under the Gupta Empire. They belong to the Pre -Aryan period and were the great fighters during the British regime in India. Bengal dance form is Chau dance, Gaudiya Nritya. Copyright © 2014-2021 RitiRiwaz.com. It is the shortest and easiest route from the Bay of Bengal to the Himalayas which makes it a commercial hub that connected the sea to the famous Silk Route. Dance and drinking along with the sound of buffalo horns, flutes and mridangas form an integral part of the social ceremonies and religious ceremonies. https://www.slideshare.net/tmusehere/bengal-and-bengali-culture This is reflected in the art, culture, dresses, jewellery, food, music, dance, architecture, attire, religion and festivals of West Bengal, known as the richest cultural state of India. Bengal and Bengali cultureBengal is situated in northeast part region of Indiansubcontinent at the apex of Bay of Bengal. Then the invasion by the Chola dynasty and Western Chalukya Empire led to the establishment of the Sena dynasty. You can find several markets, shops and malls to buy traditional attire. Even though questions related to Art, Culture, Literature, and Architecture are certain to come in both UPSC Prelims and IAS Mains, the lack of concise study material is a challenge. The Baul tradition is a unique heritage of Bengali folk music, while Gombhira, Bhawaiya, kirtans, and Gajan festival music are also other folk music. Bengal was the richest part of Medieval India, West Bengal has a long tradition of popular literature, music and drama largely based on Bengali folklore and Hindu epics and Puranas. The most important of festival in West Bengal is Durga Puja, celebrated in the fall ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: a3375-MDk0M. Boiled rice and roti constitute the staple Bengali food, and is served with a variety of vegetables, fried as well with curry, thick lentil soups, and fish, egg and meat preparations of mutton and chicken, and more rarely pork, duck, lamb and beef by certain groups. Culture and festivals of west bengal by goutam choudhary, No public clipboards found for this slide, Senior Executive at SHRISTI SALES AND MARKETING. It has a peculiar configuration; its breadth varies from 200 miles at one point to hardly 10 miles at another. They enjoy eating a lot of sweets. West Bengal was the richest part of Medieval India. People of Bengal’s culture and traditions are much more the same as neighboring Country Bangladesh, the most common language used is Bangla. Gangasagar Mela (In the District of South 24 Parganas): The sanctity of Hooghly, the beauty of Eastern Himalayas, the diversity of Sunderbans and the freshness of the Tea Gardens, all blend together to constitute what we call the unique culture of West Bengal. Face of Goddess Saraswati at purulia , West Bengal, India. Even in modern times, the traditional songs and dances of the state have lost not their importance. Toggle navigation. The ancient Indian classical language, called Sanskrit, was one of the earliest Indo-European languages to be developed. Poyela Boishakh is the first day of the Bengali new year. Though Bengali women traditionally wear the sari and shalwar kameez, Western attire has gained acceptance among younger and professional women. The state also takes the credit for being the pioneer of cosmopolitan culture in the country. The way syndicate culture, ‘tolabazai’ (extortion), cut money, corruption mushroomed in Bengal is really unfortunate. Durga Puja is the biggest festival in Bengal and is the most vibrant festival throughout the state. Although in area West Bengal ranks as one of the smaller states in India, it is one of the largest in population. As you are familiar with the fact that Bengal has a rich source of fresh water as … The region is rich in tribal culture and folk tradition. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The traditional jewellery of West Bengal is usually made of gold and precious stones. Today, it ismainly divided between the sovereign land of. Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, is prominently known as “The City Of Palaces.” The buildings in the state show a homogenous mix of elements from various cultures, including British, Terracotta, Indo- Saracenic, and Islam. To the north is the mesmerizing beauty of Darjeeling known as the Queen of hills, whereas it also opens the doors to Bhutan. The epics of Mahabharata, Ramayana, the classical plays written by the court poets of early first millennium AD, the grammatical treatises of Panini, as well as countless works of lyrical poetry, tracts on statecraft and the performing arts were all written in Sanskrit. Famous Culture and Festivals of West Bengal: Let’s see how many number of festivals are being celebrated in West Bengal around the year. Different geographic regions of West Bengal have subtle as well as more pronounced variations between each other, with Darjeeling Himalayan hill region and Duars showing particularly different socio-cultural aspects. The existing musical tradition of Orissa is the cumulative experience of the last 2500 years. A Bengali wedding ritual and ceremonies that can span several days. The Durga Pooja in this state is one of the most colorful, lively events you will witness in the world. West Bengal is famous for its culture and festivals are an inevitable part of this culture. Bengal is at the eastern end of Gangetic plains, the apex of the Bay of Bengal. Bengali wedding ritual and ceremonies can take several days. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. She had a passion for writing about India's lifestyle, culture, tradition, travel, and is trying to cover all Indian Cultural aspects of Daily Life. Themajority of Bengal is inhabited by Bengalipeople who speak Bengali language. Each state renders its uniqueness to the art. Sweetmeats are mostly milk-based, and consist of several delights including roshgulla, doi, sandesh, rasamalai, amriti, kalo jamun, pantua, rajbhog, gaja, bonde, pithe, mihidana, laddu, and chom-chom. The history of West Bengal is long. Author: Mookarjee, Anuradha Keywords: Folk dance music India--West Bengal Folk song, India. Rajbanshis weave saris with very attractive designs of checks and stripes on simple pit-looms. Bengal was divided into the state of West Bengal of India and the province of East Bengal under Pakistan, renamed East Pakistan in 1958. Studying Indian Culture and Heritage for the UPSC Civil Services Exam is a tough task for most aspirants. The Bengali people are its dominant ethnolinguistic tribe. Eden Gardens, Salt Lake Stadium and Netaji Indoor Stadium are some of the well known sports stadiums in the state. 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