Such events are a kind of tactical reverse. So, why were the numbers so different in this battle? In this sector, Falkenhausen kept his reserve troops too far from the front and they were too late for a useful counter-attack on either 10 or 11 April. 1917, aeroplanes, air raid, Aisne, artillery, Battle of Arras, Champagne, Cite St Pierre, First Battle of the Scarpe… Governing politicians in Paris and London were under great pressure from the press, the people and their parliaments to win the war. The British achieved the longest advance since trench warfare had begun, surpassing the record set by the French Sixth Army on 1 July 1916. [49] The ultimate objective of these assaults was the Monchyriegel, a trench running between Wancourt and Feuchy and an important component of the German defences. The war diary made grim reading with very little gain possible owing to the German occupation of the Chemical Works at Roeux on the right. [76] The artillery of the 2nd Guard Division and 220th Division added to the barrage in no man's land and prevented another Australian attack. [48] The British were able to consolidate these gains and push forward towards Monchy-le-Preux, although they suffered heavy casualties in fighting near the village. The Third Battle of the Scarpe, as the fighting over 3rd and 4th May was named, was an unmitigated disaster for the British Army which suffered nearly 6,000 men killed for little material gain. The 8 ft × 6 ft (2.4 m × 1.8 m) Crinchon sewer followed the ditch of the old fortifications and tunnels were dug from the cellars to the sewer. The left of the 12th Australian Brigade was only 400 yd (366 m) from Bullecourt and dawn was approaching. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Battle of the Scarpe refers to a number of battles fought on the Western Front during World War I in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France: Battle of the Scarpe (1917), three battles that occurred during the Arras Offensive between 9 April and 4 May 1917. Falls made "a general estimate" that German casualties were "probably fairly equal". 106 Fuze had been adapted from a French design for high-explosive shells so that they detonated on the slightest impact, vaporising barbed wire. ...during these days, there was a whole series of dogfights, which almost invariably ended in defeat for the British since it was Richthofen's squadron they were up against. There were also not enough reserves held back to really make a lasting, clean break through the German lines; perhaps each row of troops could have been worked for slightly longer to preserve the energy of those behind, or even more men brought in. the great value of our recent advance here lies in the fact that we have everywhere driven the enemy from high ground and robbed him of observation. The patrols suffered 162 casualties. The writers of the German Official History Der Weltkrieg, recorded 78,000 British losses to the end of April and another 64,000 casualties by the end of May, a total of 142,000 men and 85,000 German casualties. Reserves held close to the battlefield would be committed once the initial advance had bogged down, before enemy reinforcements could be brought up. The Chief engineer of the Third Army, Major-General E. R. Kenyon, composed a list of requirements by 19 November, for which he had 16 Army Troops companies, five with each corps in the front line and one with XVIII Corps, four tunnelling companies, three entrenching battalions, eight RE labour battalions and 37 labour companies. The Battle of Arras was a British offensive during the First World War.From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British, Canadian, New Zealand, Newfoundland, and Australian troops attacked German trenches near the French city of Arras on the Western Front. Often five or six planes in succession would be chased away or shot down in flames. At first certain Brigades took the lead, then after the first objective was reached the reserve divisions took their place. Front lines at Arras prior to the assault. Despite this, the Battle of Arras taught the British key lessons regarding the coordination of infantry, artillery, and tanks which would be put to good use during the fighting in 1918. Although historians generally consider the battle a British victory, in the wider context of the front, it had very little impact on the strategic or tactical situation. Zero-Day was rescheduled for 9 April with Zero-Hour at 05:30. An exploding dump in Arras during the First Battle of the Scarpe (First Battles of Arras) on the Western Front in France during World War I in April 1917 - Year: 10th April 1917 The Battle of Jutland (31 May - 1 June 1916) was the largest naval battle of the First World War. While there was a risk of friendly fire, the creeping barrage forced the Germans to remain in their shelters, allowing Allied soldiers to advance without fear of machine gun fire. Their targets were provided by 1st Field Survey Company, Royal Engineers,[44] who collated data obtained from flash spotting and sound ranging. First Battle of the Scarpe. XXII Corps (Godley) 11th (Northern) Division 51st (Highland) Division. [9] The United States was close to declaring war on Germany; American public opinion was growing increasingly incensed by U-boat attacks upon civilian shipping, which had begun with the sinking of RMS Lusitania in 1915 and culminated in the torpedoing of seven American merchantmen in early 1917. [14] The preliminary bombardment was planned to last about a week except for a much longer and heavier barrage at Vimy Ridge. Loßberg considered that spontaneous withdrawals would disrupt the counter-attack reserves as they deployed and further deprive battalion and division commanders of the means to conduct an organised defence, which the dispersal of infantry over a wide area had already made difficult. Battles of the Lys, (also known as the Lys Offensive, the Fourth Battle of Ypres, the Third Battle of Flanders and as the Btalha de la Lys by Portugal) 9-Apr-1918 —29-Apr-1918. Dominance of the air over Arras was essential for reconnaissance and the British carried out many aerial patrols. 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