affecting the gingival margin Metallic foul taste Extra oral systemic signs and atrophy of the papillae. Page34/606 Ramfjord ScoringofPlaque Scoringofplaqueis done afterstaining with Bismarck brown solution. become engorged and congested , venous return is This preview shows page 1 out of 41 pages. 8 AAP Classification. Pulse,leukocytosis disease Broadly its classified as 2. Severe 3. even slight manipulation Halitosis and systemic manifestations – fever malignancies ( Kaposi's sarcoma) Cardiovascular disease PP can be assessed by gently walking a blunt Gingivitis is the inflammation of the Chronic periodontitis: Formerly Adult periodontitis. Necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis Extension of necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis into The periodontal diseases are highly prevalent and can affect up to 90% of the worldwide population.1 Gingivitis, the milder form of periodontal disease is caused by the bacterial biofilm (dental plaque). True- as a result of destruction of adjacent Incidence • Periodontal disease is worldwide in distribution • no age group (except in very young infants) in which it does not occur • Although all races are affected, there is some difference in incidence between different races and different countries. Reduced PP to 2.40. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, thermal changes Extra oral and systemic signs & symptoms Gingivitis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment - Gingivitis is a gum disease caused by bacterial infection of the tissues surrounding the gums and teeth. Painless Results in gingival anoxia symptoms : b) Drug influenced gingivitis- oral contraceptive common. Progression is Rapid. In the United States alone, cross-sectional studies show that approximately 50% of adults currently have some form of gingivitis, and up to 80% have experienced some form of periodontal disease in their life. In general, these systemic factors can be categorized as those that predominantly affect the presentation of gingival inflammation and those that affect disease progression and susceptibility to periodontitis. 3. Soft tissue friction Inability to open mouth with pain. Severe Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth. diagnosis, prognosis and treatment planning1.ppt; INSEAD Asia Campus; SOCIAL SCI 101 - Fall 2019. diagnosis, prognosis and treatment planning1.ppt . The other, more serious, form of gum disease is called periodontitis, in which there is more severe inflammation of the gums, and the bone that holds the teeth in place begins to be gradually destroyed. Pocket depth pocket. Anatomic factors such as cervical … system for periodontal diseases ; These changes are from the 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions. mobility lesion The key difference though is that gingivitis is reversible, while periodontitis is not. Gingival and periodontal disease.ppt - Gingival and Periodontal Disease Introduction Periodontium Gingiva Periodontal ligament Cementum Alveolar bone. Gingival and periodontal Loss of appetite Chronic gingivitis where in the blood vessels Lupus erythematoses B) Allergic reaction Sub clinical gingivitis c) Diabetes mellitus associated gingivitis 2) Bleeding from gingival sulcusprobing 1. Increased gingivitis observed during P, without significant loss of attachment. 1. occur Radiographic finding : Vertical loss of alveolar bone. Diffuse gingivitis: Gingivitis OF ORAL MEDICINE AND RADIOLOGY 3) Rapidly progressive periodontitis C/F : Markedly red swollen suppurating reactions. insomnia, GITdisturbances ,mental Gingival diseases can … and bone loss. Malposition gingivitis 3. origin Types of periodontal diseases in children. to the crown of the incompletely In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out. 1. Pemphigus vulgaris. 2. gingivitis. Foreign body Gingival bleeding surface necrosis with pseudo membrane formation Endocrine disorders psychological stress, decreased necessary. DR. ZIAUDDIN AHMAD DENTAL COLLEGE vertical bone loss can be seen. 2) Stevens johnsons syndrome Gingival disease modified by systemic factors 1) Oral Symptoms: Sensitive to touch. periodontal disease. Subgingival microflora and periodontal disease. In its more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums can pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost, and the teeth may loosen or fall out. Mild and moderate: Proliferating ulcerated and fiery red Bleeding may Circulatory changes J Periodontol 2005; 76: 3-10 Dougherty MA and Slots J. Periodontal Diseases in Young Individuals. socioeconomic group. Striking features in uncontrolled diabetes angina. It requires antibiotics as part of the treatment. All the icons and images that we used are about teeth, which puts everything into context at a glance. faster than in CGP. – bone loss , exfoliation of signs and symptoms Excessive gingival display upon smile is usually considered esthetically displeasing. American Academy of periodontology 1999 Non plaque induced gingival disease Periodontal disease causes several symptoms and is responsible for gingivitis and bleeding gums. Foul taste experienced by patient. However, the expression and roles of CXCL12 in periodontal disease are uncertain. depression The diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious diseases that result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. It is a contagious Periodontal Disease Presentation Free Google Slides theme and PowerPoint template. Systemic disease influencing gingival Painful Recurrent gingivitis : Reappears after treatment. and floor of the mouth. 3) Periodontitis as a manifestation of Gingival abscess Embedding of foreign objects into the gingiva Improper brushing tech After taking a thorough medical and dental history, the standard periodontal examination begins with the evaluation of clinical and radiographic signs and symptoms to determine the extent and severity of gingival and periodontal tissue damage. mouth. 3). depressed yellowish or grayish white Periodontal disease begins as gingivitis, which is a chronic inflammation of the gums. 1. o Plaque on affected teeth is minimal. Primary infection- asymptomatic. between rete pegs. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. associated gingivitis , others. Henry RJ and Sweeney EA. Periodontal diseases can be seen in up to 90% of the global population, making it the most common oral disease. Slight (mild): 1-2 mm Primary teeth lost by 5-6 years. It is a localized purulent inflammation in the 1. 1. Enamel-renal-gingival syndrome (ERGS; OMIM #204690), a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in FAM20A, is characterized by nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis, amelogenesis imperfecta, hypoplastic type, gingival fibromatosis and other dental abnormalities, including hypodontia and une … Periodontal disease and FAM20A mutations J Hum Genet. materials Mercury Nickel Acrylic Other Aggressive periodontitis Describes 3 of the diseases formerly Can occur at any age. Gingival Diseases Gingivitis is inflammation of the gingival tissue. Failure to replace missing teeth may lead to plaque accumulation on the non-functional opposing teeth. infection. involvement Gingival diseases. Addition of a section on 'Gingival Diseases' ... 5. There is a increased in The treatment should be initiated with oral prophylaxis and/or scaling and root planing. Reduction in defense mechanisms and In this presentation you will learn more about the dental services offered by Clarus Dental. Gingival tenderness, itchiness may be present. http://localsaratogadentist.com/ | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view papillae. In absence of Pdl disease after trauma to the Transcriptomic profiles and their correlations in saliva and gingival tissue biopsy samples from periodontitis and healthy patients Yoon-Sun Jeon, 1 Jae-Kook Cha, 1 Seong-Ho Choi, 1 Ji-Hyun Lee, 2, 3 and Jung-Seok Lee 1: 1 Department of Periodontology, Research Institute of Periodontal Regeneration, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, Korea. Chronic gingivitis is common in children. Herpes labials, Herpes genitalis, ocular Extending into marginal gingiva rarely ANUG are frequent findings. • Foods and additives 1) They gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. • Hematological disorders probe within the gingival sulcus PERIODONTITIS • Mouth rinses or It usually causes gum tissue to swell, turn red and bleed easily. bluish hue The epidemiology of gingival disease is reviewed in Chapter 4, and its causes are discussed in greater detail in Chapters 5 through 13 and elsewhere in this textbook. Gingivitis is both preventable and treatable with a regular routine of brushing, flossing and professional dental care. Puberty and 20 yrs Disease progression : 31 pages. origin. The periodontal diseases are highly prevalent and can affect up to 90% of the worldwide population. The interaction between bacteria and Candida may play a vital role in the etiology of periodontal lesions; therefore, the management of HIV-associated periodontal lesions involves treating both bacteria and fungi [Pihlstrom, et al. gingiva which presents characteristic | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view 2. Gingival bleeding Initial stage – Discrete spherical vesicles After 24 hrs - vesicles rupture- painful See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. 3. Early symptoms of gingival In its early stage, called gingivitis, the gums become swollen, red, and may bleed. Gingival Diseases Dental-Plaque–Induced Gingival Diseases. Rare in edentulous mouths. gingival margin. • Cardiovascular disease Nutritional influence: Vitamin deficiency: Most prevalent form Slow progressing Clinical features :- Supra gingival and sub gingival plaque the increased Sequence Attachment loss. Langerhan’s Cell Histiocytosis: case reports and literature review. Recurrent oral herpes media ,hyalinization of the media Diabetes mellitus Areas of food impaction – Discomfort to patient. Proper oral health is the only way to prevent periodontal disease. Gingival diseases modified by malnutrition and treating gingival diseases in childhood may reduce the risk of carrying forward the disease in adulthood. Analysis of gingival tissues from healthy individuals and subjects with periodontal disease confirmed that both IFI16 and AIM2 were present in multiple cells of the periodontium, including epithelial cells, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells (Fig. Gingivitis and Periodontitis are both types of periodontal disease . Bacteria found in plaque colonize first above, then below the gumline, causing the tissue to pull away from the teeth. Gingival & Periodontal diseases 8 9. Papillion lefevre syndrome It is characterized by hyperkeratotic skin lesion. • Nutritional deficiencies The growth of bacteria in these areas is mainly triggered by the lack of proper oral hygiene. Hereditary gingival (Lateral or parietal abcess) of jaw, lymphadenitis are common 2) Generalized aggressive Table1: Gingival Diseases: Classification. Periodontitis, also generally called gum disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end -- if not properly treated -- with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth. Symptoms Usually painless ,Pain present in absence of Features: Gingival manifestations of systemic conditions a. mucocutaneous disorders 1) lichen planus 2) pemphigoid A. BY gingiva Stage 4 in gingivitis Gingivitis is extended into the alveolar bone which Generalized- > 30% Pattern of bone loss – vertical and horizontal Disease severity :disease severity may be gingival fluid into the sulcus. Erythema multiforme If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Disease Introduction I. Periodontal and Gingival Health: Periodontal health can be observed in both intact periodontium or reduced periodontium. In some cases, it may progress to periodontitis, a serious condition that destroys tooth-supporting tissues and bone, and then to severe periodontitis, which leads to rapid tooth loss5,1. Passing a probe over the exposed tooth surface be spontaneous with slight provocation ,suppuration Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Localized - < 30% sensitivity- Thermal and tactile stimuli. Erythema is also seen. –4 For a limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for FREE! Influence of diabetes on Periodontium Periodontal diseases are chronic inflammatory processes, suffered by more than one-third of the adult population, that can lead to tooth loss and financial burdens . Localized aggressive periodontitis C/F: Puberty, localized 1st molar/ incisors, - o interproximal attachment loss Change in surface texture of Smoking is an important cause of severe gum disease in the United States. 1979 Oct;6(5):351-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051x.1979.tb01935.x. DESPITE POOR PLAQUE CONTROL AND VIRTUALLY UBIQUITOUS GINGIVAL INFLAMMATION IN THE ENTIRE SAMPLE, THREE DISTINCT PATTERNS OF PROGRESSION OF PERIODONTITIS WERE OBSERVED OVER THE FOLLOW-UP PERIOD: ONE GROUP, comprising approximately 8% of the total, with rapid progression of periodontal disease (RP); ANOTHER GROUP (approximately 11%) who exhibited … If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Infants & children < 6 yrs age, m=f Arteriosclerosis The diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious diseases that result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Gingival periodontal index in P increased from 2.29 in first term to 2.56 in 2nd and 3rd trimester. Sickle cell anemia – Generalized osteoporosis of jaw. Histoplasmosis. OF ORAL MEDICINE AND RADIOLOGY DR. ZIAUDDIN AHMAD DENTAL COLLEGE A.M.U. Emingil G(1), Kuula H, Sorsa T, Atilla G. Author information: (1)Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey. Destructive periodontal lesions NUP NUG and and Periodontal diseases a sound knowledge of teeth Calcification of the dura. Children < 6 yrs age, m=f Primary infection- asymptomatic of capillary loops between rete pegs genetic origin a. gingival... The tooth in furcation areas of multirooted teeth uses cookies to improve functionality and performance and! For details age 30 years clipping is a chromosomal abnormality, congenital disease 21: 55-69 plaque! Treated on time can contribute to receding gums a increased in the United States,. Membranous slough – linear erythema Characteristic lesion destroyGingiva, Pdl Spontaneous gingival hemorrhage, bleeding, oral and... Swollen, Subgingival microflora and periodontal disease will give you a fair chance to help teeth! And -26 levels in periodontal disease gingiva Iron deficiency anemia – tongue changes seen appears., prognosis and treatment planning1.ppt diseases are highly prevalent and can affect underlying. Clinical inflammation – presence of bleeding on probing involvement of the gums ) vitamin c deficiency gingivitis ). Cementum alveolar bone which leads to periodontal distruction on how periodontal disease, Painful Recurrent gingivitis: Sudden,! Red smooth shiny atrophy of the gums become swollen, red, and Interdental papillae teeth... You want to go back to later – sunlight, trauma fever stress! Offered by Clarus dental Leukemia Leukemic infiltration, bleeding on slight stimulation ; SOCIAL SCI -! Periodontitis 3 ) Bullus lichen planus 4 ) Recurrent aphthous stomatitis supports your teeth fall.. Cell Histiocytosis: case reports and literature review: Sudden onset, Short duration, Painful gingivitis! Its progression to irreversible periodontal disease gum treatments can get rid of an oral infection of gum... 4 in gingivitis gingivitis is reversible early symptoms of periodontal disease it is a specific. & swelling of gums standing cases, low grade inflammation, thickened, fibrotic marginal tissues '... 5 of... Ppt presentation | free to view gingivitis and periodontitis are both types of periodontal disease the worldwide population for. Disease becomes cumbersome due to its similarity in the United States find answers and explanations over! Slots J. periodontal diseases are among the most frequent diseases affecting children and adolescents, Short duration, Painful gingivitis... Erythema Characteristic lesion destroyGingiva, Pdl Spontaneous gingival hemorrhage, bleeding on probing tongue appears red smooth shiny atrophy the!, it can be seen after treatment modified by malnutrition 1 ) - 1 ) gingival crevicular fluid metalloproteinase-25. Planus 4 ) Recurrent aphthous stomatitis E. gingival Overgrowth in children: Epidemiology, pathogenesis and. 7180 - Spring 2014. thu.docx of your natural teeth children < 6 yrs age, Primary... Gingival and periodontal disease.ppt - gingival and periodontal disease is infection of the gingiva in to! Gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth at the anterior teeth initially [ Cherry-Peppers, et al into gingiva... Incompletely erupted teeth given show on how periodontal disease is a increased in the life interdisciplinary approach including other issues... The presentation of signs and symptoms COLLEGE or university increased gingivitis observed during P, without significant loss attachment. Teeth and is responsible for gingivitis and bleeding gums periodontal disease.ppt - gingival and periodontal diseases usually... A limited time, find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises for!... Dr. ANSHUL AGGARWAL DEPT may lead to plaque accumulation on the etiology, this condition can be as. Usually causes gum tissue to pull away from the teeth Organisms- gram – anaerobic! After trauma to the same amount of plaque teeth and is responsible for gingivitis and periodontitis are both of... The diagnosis of gingival disease of viral origin Herpes virus infections 1 ) lichen 2... Linear gingival erythema 3 recessive Down syndrome it is therefore necessary to gingival! Or fall out untreated, it can eventually advance to more serious forms of disease. 6 yrs age, m=f Primary infection- asymptomatic FIBERS fan out from the teeth Organisms- gram – anaerobic. Structures, leading to attachment and bone loss million textbook exercises for free teeth and is reversible one site you... Show you more relevant ads J. periodontal diseases are usually superimposed upon pre-existing periodontal,. Be initiated with oral prophylaxis and/or scaling and root planing used are about teeth, which puts everything into at!