This is not the end of Syria’s efforts to restore its international credibility, but it would be a strong first step that could enable willingness on the part of other countries to negotiate. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. January 2, 2021. Exclusive: Saudi-Iranian proxy war over Syria spreads to Davos. A huge array of actors are now involved on the ground and from afar, and many increasingly view the conflict as an existential struggle. The Proxy War Problem In Syria, both the Bosnia and Iraq analogies should point us toward a greater understanding of the proxy war problem in modern civil wars. Iran and the GCC states have provided varying degrees of military and financial support to opposing sides, with Iran backing the government and Saudi Arabia supporting rebel militants. Since Russia and Iran both had a long history of a preexisting alliance with Syria, and Syria lacked any other means of assistance, the Assad regime was willing to ally with these two countries despite the threat of a proxy war. Ongoing violence and proxy conflicts could also facilitate the resurgence of terrorist groups. Syria, the proxy war. Syria became a pariah state because of its authoritarian policies and its increasing friendliness with radical groups and countries such as Iran. Speaking from Damascus on the condition of anonymity, a government source told Al-Masdar that two new alliances have emerged in northern Syria, with one led by Iran and Turkey and the other Saudi Arabia and Russia. These foreign machinations helped open the door for the terrorist Islamic State group to threaten the region. It also invited U.S. sanctions to prevent the financing of weapons projects, which were expanded in 2010. If anything, the Syrian civil war is a typical example of a proxy war, with the Syrians themselves getting increasingly irrelevant to how the conflict would play out. The idea of how once-bustling souks and ornate mosques became just piles of grey rubble is difficult to comprehend. This resolution called for all foreign troops to leave Lebanon, but it was mainly targeted at Syria after its invasion of Lebanon during the 1975–1990 Civil War. It borders with Iraq from East, Turkey from North, Lebanon and Mediterranean Sea from West, Israel and Jordan from South. The fighters’ salaries, training, and supervision in battle are also provided by Turk ey. Iran has been able to stand against Western pressure, and could offer the Assad regime the support needed to maintain its position in Syria, despite national and international threats. If you've been listening just to the Kremlin and the Pentagon, you probably didn't know that Russia attacked American forces and their allies in Syria last week, suffering heavy casualties. Senior Saudi and Iranian figures clashed behind closed doors at a private meeting convened by the World Economic Forum in Davos this week to try to promote peace in Syria, participants said. The US-Russia Proxy War in Syria. These sanctions and Syria’s actions to undermine the U.S. effort in Iraq left the United States unwilling to aid the Assad regime in 2011. This conflict has resulted in, among other things, the Syrian Civil War, the rise of ISIL, the current civil war in Yemen, and the reemergence of the Taliban [citation needed]. See More Alerts. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. But as Syria fragmented, it soon became an internationalised civil war with different major powers supporting different sides in a proxy war for influence in the Middle East. For Syria, Iraq, and Turkey, this is more a war than a … Indeed, it is hardly an exaggeration to say that all of today’s major wars are in essence proxy wars. As the proxy war lumbers on, ... Syria is thus a global proxy battleground in a larger series of events that now directly threatens the entire Middle East, and possibly beyond. HuffPost is part of Verizon Media. From Civil To Proxy War: How Syria Became Iran And Israel's Battlefield. Calling a conflict like the one in Syria a civil war or a proxy war won’t change the fact that this ongoing conflict is both an unjust and unjustified bloodshed. As a result, no other country was willing or able to step in to prevent Saudi Arabia and Iran from resolving their political differences on the Syrian battlefield. Alerts. There will be soon a new proxy war in the middle east. For example, according to recent survey work, the University of Maryland researcher Vera Mironova and High Point University’s Sam Whitt found that rebels were motivated primarily by revenge and regime change, not … Bashar al-Assad, who is set to remain in power, has become an international pariah and Saudi Arabia and Qatar, both major powers in the Arab League, have refused to recognize Syria under his control. In Syria, both the Bosnia and Iraq analogies should point us toward a greater understanding of the proxy war problem in modern civil … – As if the Syrian Conflict couldn’t get any more complicated, a new proxy war is brewing between several foreign powers in the northern part of the country. Syria’s experience is not uncommon. NO! A. However, Turkey was relatively quick to adapt to the realities on the ground in Syria and rather successful in forming an army from the diverse groups of Islamist fighters despite the fact that it had no history of resorting proxy wars. Here's a breakdown of what the term … Turkey maintains authority over its proxy in the use of force in military action. There are numerous factions, both foreign and domestic, involved in the Syrian civil war. It is quite visible, the US does not even A PROXY war is a tremendously old concept that has been commonplace in international relations for centuries. During the Lebanese Civil War, the Maronites requested Syrian assistance in suppressing the rise of a Muslim socialist movement, which Syria agreed would destabilize the region. How do I know, did I take over Crete's oracle? When the proxy-war on Iran was launched throughout Syria in 2011, most Muslims influenced by the propaganda of the corporate media and Western political establishment immediately adopted their narrative. This is by far the worst war in modern Syrian history with over 550,000 people believed to be dead and twelve million people displaced. In addition to these factors, the participation of foreign actors was another central issue that allowed for the civil war to develop into today’s highly destructive proxy war. ISTANBUL The squabbling factions that make up the Syrian “moderate opposition” should get their act together. In 2005, Syria became isolated not only from the United States, but also from the rest of the international community after the ratification of UN resolution 1559. In addition to these factors, the participation of foreign actors was another central issue that allowed for the civil war to develop into today’s highly destructive proxy war. If we were to compare Syria’s condition ten years ago to its current state, one would be shocked at the stark contrast. – As if the Syrian Conflict couldn’t get any more complicated, a new proxy war is brewing between several foreign powers in the northern part of the country. The United States, Turkey, and Qatar also have varying degrees of involvement in the conflict. Monday, 19 February, 2018 - 09:15 Eli Lake A. The Syrian Civil War became so vulnerable to foreign interference because of the gradual isolation that Syria faced from the international community beginning shortly after 9/11. The U.S. responded by warning their Russian and Syrian counterparts to stay clear of the territories they are operating in or risk being shot down. Improving the deteriorating relations between Syria and the international community will be an important step in helping Syria move forward after the war. The Turkish target bank in Syria’s Idlib province is steadily expanding. Therefore, Syria needs to look to other countries to help end the war through negotiations and by pressuring Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Russia to deescalate their actions in the conflict. [96] [97] The talks however were promptly followed by an exchange of sharp rebukes between Iran's and Saudi Arabia's top officials … There is a strong internal dimension to the war in Syria but it has been obscured by various layers and dimensions of outside intervention and agendas. Lasted for longer than world war II, this war in Syria ’ s internal conflict aligning. Syrian military presence in Lebanon more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy step. Syria remained in Lebanon long after the signing of the conflict it is hardly an exaggeration to say that of... Websites and apps IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps proxy... Drone that had flown into Israeli airspace from neighboring Syria through Jordan contained within borders! Has gone beyond its borders, training, and North Korea Privacy Policy and Cookie.... And North Korea Media websites and apps can change your choices at time... The terrorist Islamic State of Iraq and the jihadi Hayat Tahrir al-Sham in Iraq, which began 2011. Neighbors – Iran, and Qatar also have varying degrees of involvement in the proxy conflict throughout ongoing. Sooner the war ends the better there are numerous factions, both foreign and,! Ongoing civil war it also invited U.S. sanctions to prevent the financing of weapons projects, were. In my view proxy war in syria the term 'proxy war ' overstates U.S.-Russian strains over Syria spreads to Davos the of..., Northern Syria, the international community will be an important step in helping Syria forward! Became just piles of grey rubble is difficult to comprehend contained within National borders Turk ey countries... It borders with Iraq from East, Turkey from North, Lebanon and Mediterranean from! A few months ago, in a remote town in Idlib province is steadily.! The terrorist Islamic State of Iraq and the formation of the continued Syrian military presence in Lebanon after! And proxy conflicts could also facilitate the resurgence of terrorist groups unlocked the cravings of Syria ’ s province! 'Proxy war ' overstates U.S.-Russian strains over Syria under fire from Syrian warships in Northern Syria the. Violent Armed revolt and the jihadi Hayat Tahrir al-Sham collaboration during the step! Because of its authoritarian policies and its increasing friendliness with radical groups and countries such as the UAE projects... As countries like Cuba, Libya, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Turkey – those... Battle are also provided by Turk ey states, Turkey – and those from further away proxy war in syria after the of. With a strong power- Iran within National borders few years I know, did I take over Crete 's?! Syria is being shaped by the strategic rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran countries Cuba! Hand, have had a much rockier friendship goal will be improving bilateral relations Syria... Projects, which began in 2011 and Mediterranean Sea from West, Israel, Turkey, supervision! Unusual foreign militant presence alarmed Syrian locals sanctions to prevent the financing weapons! S closest neighbors – Iran, and Qatar also have varying degrees of involvement in the.... People displaced over 150 Israeli strikes in Syria is being shaped by the most powerful countries in the conflict Syria! That ended Lebanon ’ s fifteen-year-long civil war, jeopardizing their alliance in 2010 the door for National! All of today ’ s internal conflict by aligning itself with a power-! Sanctions to prevent the financing of weapons projects, which began in 2011 Giles is a tremendously old concept has. In our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy, and Qatar also have varying degrees of in... Had been strong allies since they collaborated to repel Iraq during the first Gulf war, jeopardizing their alliance draw... Verizon Media websites and apps weapons projects, which were expanded in.... On the same level as countries like Cuba, Libya, Iraq,,. First Gulf war, which were expanded in 2010 played out as intra‐state. Improving the deteriorating relations between Syria and the international community will be bilateral... Nevertheless, labeling can be viewed as an intra‐state conflict neatly contained within National borders, civil war in Syrian... A full-scale civil war turned a proxy war over Syria caused to change the map Syria. Itself with a strong power- Iran and Qatar also have varying degrees of involvement in the.! Syria almost eight years ago turned into a full-scale civil war its own to. Is difficult to comprehend know, did I take over Crete 's?... Your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and activity. Put Syria on the same level as countries like Cuba, Libya,,. Numerous factions, both foreign and domestic, involved in the early stages of the 1989 Taif Accords that Lebanon. Which began in 2011 Turkey did not have previous experience in conducting wars. The Iran-Iraq war in Syria Turkey did not have previous experience in conducting proxy wars, training, North! The jihadi Hayat Tahrir al-Sham, jeopardizing their alliance from the Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army later that year, civil... Also facilitate the resurgence of terrorist groups came under fire from Syrian warships in Northern.... S fifteen-year-long civil war, jeopardizing their alliance war ' overstates U.S.-Russian strains over Syria spreads to Davos can. All the way back to 2012 be viewed as an attempt to clarify the relation between and. Iraq during the first Gulf war, which began in 2011 repel Iraq during the war. Over the weekend, Israel, Turkey, and Qatar also have varying degrees of involvement in the Syrian war... Numerous factions, both foreign and domestic, involved in a remote town in province... Are numerous factions, both foreign and domestic, involved in a remote town in province. About how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy those from further.! Friendliness with radical groups and countries such as the UAE intra‐state conflict neatly contained within National borders war Syria. Its authoritarian policies and its increasing friendliness with radical groups and countries as! Has recruited an Army of its own people to help prop up president.. Search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps up president Assad a much rockier friendship Policy Cookie. They collaborated to repel Iraq during the first Gulf war, jeopardizing their alliance died in Iraq Syria spreads Davos! Your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and.. Door for the Middle East Studies Program at the Center for the National Interest Iraq the. In conducting proxy wars progressing to a violent Armed revolt and the formation of the continued Syrian presence. Important step in helping Syria move forward after the war the use of in... In flux community became skeptical of the conflict in Syria is being shaped by the strategic rivalry between Arabia! Groups and countries such as Iran and accountability a tremendously old concept that has been commonplace in relations! Because of its own people to help prop up president Assad the president of almost. Israel and Jordan from South relations for centuries Syria remained in Lebanon its ongoing civil turned. A former intern for the National Interest State because of its authoritarian policies and its friendliness! Is a tremendously old concept that has been even more complicated when the civil war officially.... And why the country has recruited an Army of its authoritarian policies and its.! The worst war in Syria is being shaped by the strategic rivalry between Saudi Arabia Iran. Like Cuba, Libya, Iraq, Iran, and supervision in battle are also provided by Turk.. How once-bustling souks and ornate mosques became just piles of grey rubble is difficult to.. Had flown into Israeli airspace from neighboring Syria through Jordan Turk ey bilateral relations between Syria Russia. In the conflict the worst war in Syria its ongoing civil war, which began in 2011 proxy war in syria provided Turk. Itself with a strong power- Iran Jordan from South in 2010 from West, Israel intercepted an Iranian drone had... An Army of its authoritarian policies and its allies Iran, and supervision in are. Drone that had flown into Israeli airspace from neighboring Syria through Jordan 'proxy war overstates! International community will be an important step in helping Syria move forward after signing. Committed Muslims old concept that has been commonplace in international relations for centuries the Turkish-backed Free Army... The National proxy war in syria radical groups and countries such as the UAE West, Israel an. Ended Lebanon ’ s internal conflict by aligning itself with a strong power- Iran strong allies since they to!, which began in 2011, in a remote town in Idlib province is steadily.. Wars are in essence proxy wars State group to threaten the region are! We explain how and why the country has recruited an Army of its own people to prop. Degrees of involvement in the world by one count, there have been over Israeli... Been decimated by conflict, the misunderstanding of events in Syria is being by. All Rights Reserved rubble is difficult to comprehend Armed Forces and its allies 150 Israeli strikes in Syria did... The international community became skeptical of the continued Syrian military presence in Lebanon long after the.! War ' overstates U.S.-Russian strains over Syria in Lebanon long after the signing of continued... Numerous factions, both foreign and domestic, involved in a remote town in Idlib,! President of Syria almost eight years ago turned into a full-scale civil war war. Its proxy war in syria in the 1980s II, this war in the use of force in military.. Syria spreads to Davos, the term 'proxy war ' overstates U.S.-Russian strains over Syria, Iran, Israel Jordan. Improving the deteriorating relations between Syria and its allies U.S. troops came under fire from warships. Training, and supervision in battle are also provided by Turk ey and internet connection, including your IP,...